FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Thesis, dissertations, books

Pages:     | 1 | 2 ||

«An Empirical Study of the Effectiveness of Negotiation of Meaning in L2 Vocabulary Acquisition of Chinese Learners of English Baoshu Yi1 & Zhinong ...»

-- [ Page 3 ] --

Ellis, R., Tanaka, Y., & Yamazaki, A. (1994). Classroom interaction, comprehension and the acquisition of second language word meanings. Language Learning, 44, 449-491.

Foster, P. (1998). A classroom perspective on negotiation of meaning. Applied Linguistics, 19(1), 1-23.

Foster, P., & Ohta, A. S. (2005). Negotiation for meaning and peer assistance in second language classrooms.

Applied Linguistics, 26, 402-430.

Fuente, M. (2002). Negotiation and oral acquisition of L2 vocabulary. SSLA, 24, 81-112.

Fuente, M. (2006). Classroom L2 vocabulary acquisition: Investigating the role of pedagogical tasks and form-focused instruction. Language Teaching Research, 10(3), 263-295.

Gass, S. M., & Torres, M. J. A. (2005). Attention when? An investigation of the ordering effect of input and interaction. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 27(1), 1-31.

Gass, S. M., & Varonis, E. M. (1985). Task variation and nonnative/nonnative negotiation of meaning. In S. M.

Gass, & C. G. Madden (Eds.), Input in second language acquisition (pp. 149-161). Rowley, MA: Newbury House.

Gass, S. M., & Varonis, E. M. (1994). Input, interaction, and second language production. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 16, 283-302.

www.ccsenet.org/elt English Language Teaching Vol. 6, No. 10; 2013 Hardy, I. M., & Moore, J. L. (2004). Foreign language students’ conversational negotiations in different task environments. Applied Linguistics, 25(3), 340-370.

Jeong, Nam-Sook. (2011). Selected proceedings of the 2009 second language research forum. Luke Plonsky and Maren Schierloh (pp. 51-69).

Krashen, S. (1980). Second language acquisition and second language learning. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Krashen, S. (1985). The input hypothesis: Issues and implications. London: Longman.

Lee, Byeong-Cheon. (2005). Negotiation of meaning and communication strategies in CMC. Sae Han English Language & Literature, 47(1), 227-259.

Lee, Hyun-Gyung. (2006). Meaning negotiation in task-based video conferencing. Multimedia-Assisted Language Learning, 9(2), 128-153.

Long, M. H. (1981). Input, interaction, and second language acquisition. In H. Winitz (Ed.), Native Language

and Foreign Language Acquisition: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (pp. 259-278). New York:

New York Academy of Sciences.

Long, M. H. (1983). Linguistics and conversational adjustments to nonnative speakers. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 4, 177-193.

Long, M. H. (1985). Input and Second language acquisition theory. In S. Gass, & C. Madden (Eds), Input in second language acquisition (pp. 377-393). Rowly. MA: Newbury House.

Long, M. H. (1996). The role of the linguistic environment in second language acquisition. In W. C. Ritchie, & T.

K. Bhatia (Eds.), Handbook of second language acquisition (pp. 413-468). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Long, M. H. (2011). Instructed SLA (I): Towards a cognitive interactionist theory of instructed adult SLA. In workshop on second language research. Beijing: Beijing Foreign studies University.

Loschky, L. (1994). Comprehensible input and second language acquisition: What is the relationship? Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 16, 303-325.

Luan, N. L., & Sappathy, S. M. (2011). L2 vocabulary acquisition: The impact of negotiated interaction. GEMA Online™ Journal of Language Studies, 5(11), 2.

Pica, T. (1987). Interlanguage adjustments as an outcome of NS-NNS negotiated interaction. Language Learning, 38, 45-73.

Pica, T. (1991). Classroom interaction, participation, and comprehension: Redefining relationships. System, 19, 437-452.

Pica, T. (1993). Choosing and using communication tasks for second language instruction. In G. Crookes, & S.

Gass (Eds.), Tasks and language learning: Integrating theory and practice (pp. 9-34). Bristol, PA:

Multilingual Matters.

Pica, T. (1994). Research on negotiation: What does it reveal about second language learning conditions, processes, and outcome? Language learning, 44, 493-527.

Pica, T., & Doughty, C. (1986). Making input comprehensible: Do interactional modifications help? ITL Review of Applied linguistics, 72, 1-25.

Pica, Teresa, Holiday, Lloyd, Lewis, Nora, & Morgenthaler, Laura. (1989). Comprehensible output as an outcome of linguistic demands on the learner. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 11, 63-90.

Révész, A., Sachs, R., & Mackey, A. (2011). Task complexity, uptake of recasts, and second language development. In P. Robinson (Ed.), Researching task complexity: Task demands, task-based language learning and performance. John Benjamins.

Swain, M. (1985). Communicative competence: Some roles of comprehensible input and comprehensible output in its development. In S. M. Gass, & C. G. Madden (Eds.), Input in second language acquisition (pp.

235-253). Rowley, MA: Newbury House.

Varonis, E. M., & Gass, S. M. (1985). Non-native/non-native conversations: A model for negotiation of meaning.

Applied Linguistics, 6(1), 71-90.

Yong, R. (1983). Negotiation of meaning in children’s foreign language acquisition. ELT Journal, 37(3), 197-206.

Zhao, S. Y., & Bitchener, J. (2007). Incidental focus on form in teacher-learner and learner-learner interactions.

www.ccsenet.org/elt English Language Teaching Vol. 6, No. 10; 2013 System, 35, 431-447.

Appendix Test 1 A pre-vocabulary test for the high school participants School: _____ Class: ______ Name: _____ Sex: ______ Date: ______.


1) Take after____ 2) Anxious _____ 3) Strange_____ 4) Favorite ____ 5) Careful____

6) I won’t be long ____7) Alien ______ 8) Chase______ 9) Picnic_____ 10) Develop___

11) Pull down_____ 12) Set up____ 13) Start _____ 14) Make it clear _____ 15) Drop___

16) Hurt____ 17) Offer____ 18) Shy____ 19) Noise____ 20) Wind___ 21) Worried____

22) Tie____ 23) Ocean ____ 24) Cover___ 25) Used to____ 26) Separate ____

27) Downtown____ 28) Be terrified of _____ 29) Block____ 30) Plenty _____ Test 2 A pre-vocabulary tests for the college participants School: _____ Class: ______ Name: _____ Sex: ______ Date: ______.


1) Bleat ____ 2) Bite ___ 3) Drudge___ 4) Assess___ 5) Sort ___6) Astray ____

7) Astronaut_____ 8) Contraption____ 9) Astonish ___ 10) Assume_____11) Enlarge____

12) Enrage____13) Gorge____ 14) Reiterate____ 15) Superb ____ 16) Drastic______

17) Ability ____ 18) Strike____ 19) Shock____ 20) Culture _____ 21) Interaction____

22) Regularly ____ 23) Appointment _____ 24) Vocabulary ____ 25) Movable_____

26) Capable____ 27) Ritual ____ 28) Enable____ 29) Mobile ____ 30) Contingent ____ Match task 1

Class: Name: Sex: Date: Score:

–  –  –

9. - When will you come back? - I _____________________

10. No one can _______you from me.

Test 4 A post-vocabulary test for the college participants

Class: Name: Sex: Date: Score:

Use the appropriate forms of the following words to fill in the blank:

drudge, contraption, reiterate, contingent, drastic.

1. To pay his debt he had to ______at the work in a coal mine.

2. The police took ______measures to put a stop to the crime wave.

3. That’s a curious________, what is it for?

4. Such risks are _______to the trade.

5. Let me_______ that we have absolutely no plans to increase taxation.

Copyrights Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

Pages:     | 1 | 2 ||

Similar works:

«SUPPORT DOCUMENT FOR COMPOST QUALITY CRITERIA NATIONAL STANDARD OF CANADA (CAN/BNQ 0413-200) THE CANADIAN COUNCIL OF MINISTERS OF THE ENVIRONMENT (CCME) GUIDELINES AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-FOOD CANADA (AAFC) CRITERIA FOREWORD The Support Document for Compost Quality Criteria National Standard of Canada (CAN/BNQ 0413-200) The Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) Guidelines and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) Criteria was made possible by an Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada...»

«Biodegradable municipal waste composts: analysis and application to agriculture Dimambro ME, Lillywhite RD & Rahn CR Warwick HRI, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne, Warwick, CV35 9EF Corresponding author: robert.lillywhite@warwick.ac.uk Tel: 024 7657 5060 January 2006 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This project was primarily funded by The Onyx Environmental Trust under the Landfill Tax Credit Scheme with additional contributions from the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). Throughout...»

«Composting – Waste Alternatives M.J. Depaz University of Florida Soil and Water Science Department Disposal of organic waste generated by humans is becoming a problem due to increasing population and rising standards of living (Gray et al., 1971). Florida, in particular, has had rapidly increasing population throughout the past 20 years, thus generating large quantities of waste (Muchovej and Obreza, 2001). From 1990 to 2000, the population increased by 4 million people (Department of Heath,...»

«Journal Submittal INVESTIGATIONS INTO LIQUID COMPOST EXTRACTS (“TEAS”) FOR THE CONTROL OF PLANT PATHOGENIC FUNGI William F. Brinton Andreas Tränkner 1 (Extract from Biocycle Paper presented in Phoenix, AZ) Introduction The potential disease suppressive characteristics of composts is well known and is the subject of increasing scientific efforts, dating from reports as early as 1973 (Hunt et al, 1973). New interest is seen with the use of liquid extracts for disease control. Compost...»

«Guide to Recovering and Composting Organics in Maine Maine Department of Environmental Protection Guide to Recovering and Composting Organics in Maine Pre-consumer food scraps ready for composting. Photo by Mike Burden, University of Missouri College of Agriculture Mark A. King and George M. MacDonald Maine Department of Environmental Protection Bureau of Remediation and Waste Management Sustainability Division March 2016 www.maine.gov/dep MAINE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION 17 State...»

«Mr Speaker, it is indeed my pleasure and a quite distinguished privilege to rise in this Honourable House to make this presentation. At the outset, I want to thank my Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, he who saw not what I was but what I could be. I want to thank the Comrade Leader and Leader of The Opposition for her continued people-centred approach to leadership and for having the requisite confidence in me to give oversight responsibilities for the Ministry of Agriculture. I must extend my...»

«Testimony of LeRoy T. Carlson, Jr. Chairman – United States Cellular Corporation Senate Commerce Committee Subcommittee on Communications, Technology and the Internet April 9, 2013 Chairman Pryor, Ranking Member Wicker and members of the subcommittee, I am Ted Carlson, Chairman of United States Cellular Corporation. Thank you for the opportunity to speak with you today. I am pleased to provide you with my observations on the state of rural communications and the challenges we face in serving...»

«Manual Data Retrieval, Processing and Final Storage into the Nile Basin Database Entebbe October 2001 NILE BASIN INITIATIVE Initiative du Bassin du Nil Information Products for Nile Basin Water Resources Management www.fao.org/nr/water/faonile The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout this book do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country,...»

«Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 7, 02416, 2005 SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU05-A-02416 © European Geosciences Union 2005 Changes in the chemical characteristics of dissolved organic matter during the composting process and their influence on compost stability and maturity. G. Gigliotti, F.G. Erriquens and D. Said-Pullicino Department of Agricultural and Environmental Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Perugia, Italy (gigliott@unipg.it) Introduction Composting is a well-known...»

«Implementation of a Composting Program at the University of Delaware: Sustainability Report Fall Semester 2009 Steven Adler Kristin Blaha Rachel Lipman Kurt Saunders Julie Wang Executive Summary The Composting Crusaders endeavor is to implement composting into the University of Delaware’s sustainability initiative. Composting requires a 3:1 ratio of carbon to nitrogen using organic materials that fertilizes soil and plants, and it further reduces the burden wrought by overflowing landfills on...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dis.xlibx.info - Thesis, dissertations, books

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.