WWW.DIS.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Thesis, dissertations, books
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 76 | 77 ||

«Winchester, UK Washington, USA First published by Zero Books, 2012 Zero Books is an imprint of John Hunt Publishing Ltd., Laurel House, Station ...»

-- [ Page 78 ] --

1. Arno Mayer, Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?, New York, Pantheon, 1990, p 133 Christopher Browning, The Origins of the Final Solution, Lincoln, University of 2.

Nebraska Press, 2004, p 69-70

3. Christopher Browning, The Origins of the Final Solution, p 81-9 ‘Still dripping with the blood of the slaughtered inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Christians

4. fell down on their faces at the tomb of the Redeemer’, Hegel, The Philosophy of History, New York, Cosimo, 2007, p 392

5. Arno Mayer, Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?, New York, Pantheon, 1990, p 189 Browning, Origins of the Final Solution, Lincoln University of Nebraska Press, 2004, p 6.

7. Arno Mayer, Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?, p 265, 268

8. Arno Mayer, Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?, p 257-8

9. Arno Mayer, Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?, p 267

10. Arno Mayer, Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?, p 302

11. Arno Mayer, Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?, p 308

12. Arno Mayer, Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?, p 314

13. Mark Mazower, Inside Hitler’s Greece, New Haven, Yale Nota Bene, 2001, p 244, 256

14. Marek Edelman, The Ghetto Fights, London, Bookmarks, 1990, p 29

15. Robert Sherwood, Roosevelt and Hopkins, New York, Harper, 1948, p 717 Planning Committee Memorandum, 25 July 1941; Tony Kushner, ‘British perceptions of

16. the Final Solution in the Second World War’ in D Cesarani (ed), The Final Solution, 1994, p 249

17. Lenni Brenner, Zionism in the Age of the Dictators, Lawrence Hill & Co, 1983, Ch. 24 In 2004, British Prime Minister Tony Blair said that the Allies only got round to doing something about the persecution of the Jews in 1939. ‘They said this has got to be 18.

stopped.’, quoted in Richard Ingrams, Diary, Observer 16 January 2005 http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2004/jun/13/guardiancolumnists

19. Franz Neuman, Behemoth, New York, Harper and Row, 1966, p 552

20. Arno Mayer, Why did the Heavens Not Darken? New York, Pantheon, 1990, p 447

25. The Second Invasion of Europe

1. Sherwood, Roosevelt and Hopkins, New York, Harper, 1948, p 714-5

2. Labour Monthly, February 1941

3. Fenner Brockway, The Way Out, London, ILP, July 1942, p 16, his emphasis Politics, October 1944, quoted in Gregory Sumner, Dwight MacDonald and the politics

4. circle: the challenge of cosmopolitan democracy, Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 1996, 67 Bill Moore and George Barnsby, ‘The Anti-Fascist People’s Front in the Armed

5. Forces’, Our History, Communist Party History Series, Pamphlet 81, February 1990, p 11-12 Long-time anti-Mafia campaigner Michael Pantaleone’s story is repeated in Tim

6. Newark, The Mafia at War, London, Greenhill, 2007 p 158-60, though Newark contests it.

7. Tim Newark, The Mafia at War, London, Greenhill, 2007, p 239-41

8. Tim Newark, The Mafia at War, London, Greenhill, 2007, p 216, 218 Harold MacMillan War Diaries: The Mediterranean, 1943-45, London, Macmillan, 9.

1984, p 352

Tim Newark, The Mafia at War, London, Greenhill, 2007, p 244-5; David Ellwood, Italy:

10.

1943-1945, Leicester University Press, 1985, p 60, 66 Time Magazine (US) 4 Sept 1972, 11.

http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,910391,00.html#ixzz1aO1VVw1v

12. Constantine Tsoucalas, Greek Tragedy, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1969, p 76-7 Harold MacMillan War Diaries: The Mediterranean, 1943-45, London, Macmillan, 13.

1984, p 546 Dominique Eudes, The Kapetanios, New York, Monthly Review Press, 1972, p 108;

14. Stefanos Sarafis, The Greek Resistance Army, London, Merlin, 1980, p 226-7; Mark Mazower, Inside Hitler’s Greece, New Haven, Yale Nota Bene, 2001, p 329

15. Mark Mazower, Inside Hitler’s Greece, New Haven, Yale Nota Bene, 2001, p 233

16. Albert Speer, Inside the Third Reich, London, Sphere, 1971, p 537

17. Constantine Tsoucalas, Greek Tragedy, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1969, p 85 Harold MacMillan War Diaries: The Mediterranean, 1943-45, London, Macmillan, 18.

1984, p 557, writing in October 1944

19. Constantine Tsoucalas, Greek Tragedy, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1969, p 88 Harold MacMillan War Diaries: The Mediterranean, 1943-45, London, Macmillan, 20.

1984, p 599 23 December 1944, Harold MacMillan War Diaries: The Mediterranean, 1943-45, 21.

London, Macmillan, 1984, p 614 John Iatrides and Linda Wrigley, Greece at the Crossroads, Pennsylvania State 22.

University Press, 1995, p 9 Dominique Eudes, The Kapetanios, New York, Monthly Review Press, 1972, p 161, 23.

177; Mark Mazower, Inside Hitler’s Greece, New Haven, Yale Nota Bene, 2001, p 331 Dominique Eudes, The Kapetanios, New York, Monthly Review Press, 1972, p 214, 24.

25. Dominique Eudes, The Kapetanios, New York, Monthly Review Press, 1972, p 310 See the testimony in Eleni Fourtuni, Greek Women In Resistance, Thelphini Press, New Haven, 1986; there were still 1,359 political prisoners in the camps in 1962 – 26.

Polymeris Voglis, Becoming a subject: political prisoners during the Greek Civil War, Bergahn Books, 2002, p 223

27. Battaglia, Story of the Italian Resistance, London, Odhams Press, 1957, p 221-2 David Ellwood, Italy: 1943-1945, Leicester University Press, 1985, p 157, 163; Basil 28.





Davidson, Special Operations Europe, Newton Abbott, Readers Union, 1981, p 240

29. David Ellwood, Italy 1943-1945, Leicester University Press, 1985, p 163

30. David Ellwood, Italy: 1943-1945, Leicester University Press, 1985, p 40 Muriel Grindrod, The Rebuilding of Italy: Politics and Economics, London: Royal 31.

Institute of International Affairs 1955, p 9

32. David Ellwood, Italy: 1943-1945, Leicester University Press, 1985, p 160 Harold MacMillan War Diaries: The Mediterranean, 1943-45, London, Macmillan, 33.

1984, p 657

34. David Ellwood, Italy: 1943-1945, Leicester University Press, 1985, p 186-7

35. Quoted in David Ellwood, Italy: 1943-1945, Leicester University Press, 1985, p 188

36. Daniele Ganser, Nato’s Secret Armies, Abingdon, Frank Cass, 2005, p 64 Harold MacMillan War Diaries: The Mediterranean, 1943-45, London, Macmillan, 37.

1984, p 239 Joan Barth Urban, Moscow and the Italian Communist Party, London, I B Tauris, 1986, 38.

p 171 Paul Ginsborg, A History of Contemporary Italy, London, Penguin, 1990, p 48; David 39.

Ellwood, Italy: 1943-1945, Leicester University Press, 1985, 83-7 Harold MacMillan War Diaries: The Mediterranean, 1943-45, London, Macmillan, 40.

1984, p 396, 23 March 1944 David Ellwood, Italy: 1943-1945, Leicester University Press, 1985, p 231-2; OSS 41.

report in Tim Newark, The Mafia at War, London, Greenhill, 2007, p 236

42. Tim Newark. The Mafia at War, London, Greenhill, 2007, p 275

43. Isaac Deustcher, Stalin, London, Oxford University Press, 1967, p 506

44. Chester Wilmot, The Struggle for Europe, London, Collins, 1952, p 446

45. Chester Wilmot, The Struggle for Europe, London, Collins, 1952, p 455

46. Chester Wilmot, The Struggle for Europe, London, Collins, 1952, p

47. Frank Furedi, The Silent War, London, Pluto Press, 1998, p 41 Averell Harriman and Elie Abel, Special Envoy, New York, Random House, 1975, p 48.

according to a State Department source David Ellwood, Italy: 1943-1945, Leicester 49.

University Press, 1985, p 222 Harold MacMillan War Diaries: The Mediterranean, 1943-45, London, Macmillan, 50.

1984, p 401

51. Isaac Deutscher, Stalin, London, Oxford University Press, 1967, p 508

52. Isaac Deutscher, Stalin, London, Oxford University Press, 1967, p 520 John Coutouvidis and Jaime Reynolds, Poland 1939-1947, Leicester University 53.

Press, 1986, p 83 Roy Medvedev, Let History Judge, New York, Vintage, 1973, p 219; John Coutouvidis 54.

and Jaime Reynolds, Poland 1939-1947, Leicester University Press, 1986, p 84 John Coutouvidis and Jaime Reynolds, Poland 1939-1947, Leicester University 55.

Press, 1986, p 85 John Coutouvidis and Jaime Reynolds, Poland 1939-1947, Leicester University 56.

Press, 1986, p 86-7 John Coutouvidis and Jaime Reynolds, Poland 1939-1947, Leicester University 57.

Press, 1986, p 88 John Coutouvidis and Jaime Reynolds, Poland 1939-1947, Leicester University 58.

Press, 1986, p 94, 98 John Coutouvidis and Jaime Reynolds, Poland 1939-1947, Leicester University 59.

Press, 1986, p 99

60. Norman Davies, Rising ’44, London, Macmillan, 2003, p 221-4 John Coutouvidis and Jaime Reynolds, Poland 1939-1947, Leicester University 61.

Press, 1986, p 100

62. Norman Davies, Rising ’44, London, Macmillan, 2003, p 118

63. Interviewed by Ed Vulliamy, ‘Brave Old World’, Observer Magazine, 4 July 2004, p 25

64. Norman Davies, Uprising ’44, London, Macmillan, 2003, p 271

65. Interviewed by Ed Vulliamy, ‘Brave Old World’, Observer Magazine, 4 July 2004, p 29 Averell Harriman and Elie Abel, Special Envoy, New York, Random House, 1975, p 66.

67. Norman Davies, Europe at War, London, Pan, 2007, p 188

68. Norman Davies, Rising ’44, London, Macmillan, 2003, p 249 Averell Harriman and Elie Abel, Special Envoy, New York, Random House, 1975, p 69.

Averell Harriman and Elie Abel, Special Envoy, New York, Random House, 1975, p 70.

John Coutouvidis and Jaime Reynolds, Poland 1939-1947, Leicester University 71.

Press, 1986, p 100.

John Coutouvidis and Jaime Reynolds, Poland 1939-1947, Leicester University

72. Press, 1986, p 103-4; Isaac Deutscher, Stalin, London, Oxford University Press, 1967, p

73. Isaac Deutscher, Stalin, London, Oxford University Press, 1967, p 522

74. Norman Davies, Rising ’44, London, Macmillan, 2003, p 457, 572-504

75. Milovan Djilas Wartime, Harcourt Brace, New York, Jovanovich, 1977, p 400

76. Milovan Djilas Wartime, Harcourt Brace, New York, Jovanovich, 1977, p 405, 406-7 Milovan Djilas Wartime, Harcourt Brace, New York, Jovanovich, 1977, p 420; The Struggle against the Tito Fascists - Agents of Imperialism: Discussion Outline and 77.

Study Guide, Communist Party USA, 1949; James Klugmann, From Trotsky to Tito, London, Lawrence and Wishart, 1951

78. Milovan Djilas Wartime, Harcourt Brace, New York, Jovanovich, 1977, p 436, 390

79. Isaac Deutscher, Stalin, London, Oxford University Press, 1967, p 533

80. Manchester Guardian, 15 December 1945

81. Isaac Deutscher, Stalin, London, Oxford University Press, 1967, p 533 Quoted in Chris Harman, Class Struggles in Eastern Europe, 82.

http://www.vorhaug.net/politikk/ist/harman/eastern_europe/repression.html

83. Ilya Ehrenburg, Post-war Years 1945-54, London, MacGibbon and Kee, 1966, p 31

84. Milovan Djilas, Wartime, Harcourt Brace, New York, Jovanovich, 1977, p 423

85. Matthew Cobb, The Resistance, London, Pocket Books, 2009, p 245-7

86. Matthew Cobb, The Resistance, London, Pocket Books, 2009, p 247-50

87. Matthew Cobb, The Resistance, London, Pocket Books, 2009, p 251-3

88. Matthew Cobb, The Resistance, London, Pocket Books, 2009, p 255, 257

89. Norman Davies, Europe at War, London, Pan, 2007, p 188

90. Matthew Cobb, The Resistance, London, Pocket Books, 2009, p 262-3

91. Quoted in John Costello, Love, Sex and War, London, Pan Books, 1986, p 143 Norman Davies, Europe at War, London, Pan, 2007, p 189; Matthew Cobb, The 92.

Resistance, London, Pocket Books, 2009, p267-8 Matthew Cobb, The Resistance, London, Pocket Books, 2009, p 276, 279; Frank 93.

Giles, The Locust Years, London, Secker and Warburg, 1991, p 11

94. Jørgen Hæstrup, Europe Ablaze, Odense University Press, 1978, p 107 John Gillingham, Belgian Business and the Nazi New Order, Jan Hondt Foundation, 95.

Ghent, 1977, p 169, 177, 178

96. Tony Judt, Postwar, London, Heinemann, 2005, p 65

97. carried in the Indian Express, 21 August 1943

98. Samuel Hoare, Ambassador on a Special Mission, London, Collins, 1946, p 189 Nikolai Tolstoy, Victims of Yalta, London, Hodder and Stoughton, 1977, p 51-2, 75, 88, 99.

Nikolai Tolstoy, Victims of Yalta, London, Hodder and Stoughton, 1977, p 130, 161Stephen Weeks, The Prague Post, 11 November 2004

102. Kirsten Sellars, The Rise and Rise of Human Rights, Stroud, Sutton, 2002: xii

103. Stephen Ambrose, Rise to Globalism, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1981, p 58

104. Stephen Ambrose, Rise to Globalism, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1981, p 72

105. John Willoughby, Hail the Conquering Heroes, Palgrave, 2001

106. Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Extremes, London Michael Joseph, 1994, p 164

107. Alan Clinton, Jean Moulin 1899-1943, Basingstoke, Palgrave, 2002, p 65 Mark Mazower, Dark Continent: Europe’s Twentieth Century, London, Allen Lane, 108. 1998, p 210; on the Highlanders, see T. M. Devine, Scotland’s Empire, London, Penguin, 2004, p 307-12 and p 354-60

26. A war of extermination in the Pacific John W. Dower, War Without Mercy, London, Faber, 1986, p.69; Ben Fenton, ‘American 1.

troops “murdered Japanese PoWs”’, Daily Telegraph, 6 August 2005

2. Dower, War Without Mercy, 1986, p 68 Barak Kushner, The Thought War – Japanese Imperial Propaganda, University of 3.

Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 2006, p 149

4. Dower, War Without Mercy, p 63 5. ‘One War is Enough’, Atlantic Monthly, February 1946, pp 48-53, p 49 Kim Gravelle, Fiji’s Heritage, Nadi, Tiara, 2000, 226; Supplement to the London 6.

Gazette, 7 December 1944, p 5616

7. Dower, War Without Mercy, 1986, p 63 Bradley A. Thayer, Darwin and international relations: on the evolutionary origins of war 8.

and ethnic conflict, University Press of Kentucky, 2004, p 190 Mark D Roehrs and William Renzi, World War II in the Pacific, Armonk, M.E. Sharpe, 9.

2004, p 128 Roehrs and Renzi, World War II in the Pacific, p 134, 139, 144, 151, 209, 257; Dower, 10.

War Without Mercy, p 329

11. Ulrich Strauss, The Anguish of Surrender, University of Washington Press, 2003, p 4

12. Warren Kozack, LeMay, Regnery Publishing, 2009, p 212

13. Roehrs and Renzi, World War II in the Pacific, p 213-5 In Mick Hume, ‘Hiroshima: the White Man’s Bomb’, Living Marxism issue 81, 14.

July/August 1995

15. Hume, ‘Hiroshima: the White Man’s Bomb’; Newsweek, 11 November 1963

27. The Second Invasion of East Asia

1. Walden Bello, People and Power in the Pacific, London, Pluto, p 11 Quoted in Jon Halliday, A Political History of Japanese Capitalism, New York, Monthly 2.

Review Press, 1975, p 159

3. Chin Peng, My Side of History, Singapore, Media Masters, 2003, p 111-112

4. Chin Peng, My Side of History, p 123, 124 Chin Peng, My Side of History, p 121; Christopher Bayly and Tim Harper, Forgotten 5.

Armies, London, Penguin, 2005, p 55

6. Chin Peng, My Side of History, p 130-1

7. Christopher Bayly and Tim Harper, Forgotten Armies, London, Penguin, 2005, p 451

8. Chin Peng, My Side of History, Singapore, Media Masters, 2003, p 135, 141

9. Chin Peng, My Side of History, p 144-5

10. Chin Peng, My Side of History, p 155-6 Chin Peng, My Side of History, p 266; Anne Booth, Colonial Legacies, Honolulu, 11.

University of Hawai’i Press, 2007, p 160;

12. Mark Curtis, The Ambiguities of Power, London, Zed Books, 1995, p 57

13. Christopher Bayly and Tim Harper, Forgotten Armies, London, Penguin, 2005, p 429

14. Louis Allen, Burma: the Longest War, London, Phoenix Press, 2000, p 583

15. Louis Allen, Burma, p 584-5 Louis Allen, Burma, p 588; Christopher Bayly and Tim Harper, Forgotten Armies, p 442Christopher Bayly and Tim Harper, Forgotten Armies, p 443-6

18. Louis Allen, Burma: the Longest War, London, Phoenix Press, 2000, p 588

19. Fergal Keane, ‘Save us from our friends’, Guardian, 19 July 1997 Renato and Letizia Constantino, The Continuing Past, Quezon City, The Foundation for 20.

Nationalist Studies, 1984, p 164

21. R & L Constantino, The Continuing Past, p 164-5

22. Gabriel Kolko, The Politics of War, New York, Pantheon, 1990, p 606

23. R & L Constantino, The Continuing Past, p 166

24. Quoted in R & L Constantino, The Continuing Past, p 156

25. R & L Constantino, The Continuing Past, p 171 William Manchester, American Caesar, London, Arrow, 1979, p 344; R & L Constantino, 26.

The Continuing Past, p 162 W Manchester, American Caesar, p 344; R & L Constantino, The Continuing Past, p 27.

159-61 William J Pomeroy, The Philippines, International Publishers Co, 1992, p 139; R & L 28.

Constantino, The Continuing Past, p 154, 164 Foreign Relations: The Conferences at Malta and Yalta, 1945, Washington, Department

29. of State, 1955, p 770 Louis, Imperialism at Bay, New York, Oxford University Press, 1978, p 553

30. Robert K. Schaeffer, Severed States, Rowman & Littlefield,1999, p 73 Bruce Cumings, The Origins of the Korean War, Vol. I, New Jersey, Priceton University 31.

Press, 1981, p 71-3, 77

32. Bruce Cumings, The Origins of the Korean War, p 84-7

33. Cumings, The Origins of the Korean War, p 88

34. Cumings, The Origins of the Korean War, p 89

35. Cumings, The Origins of the Korean War, 93-6

36. Hagen Koo, Korean Workers, Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 2001, p 26

37. I.F. Stone, Hidden History of the Korean War, Boston, Little, Brown and Co., 1988, p 16 John Gittings and Martin Kettle, ‘US and S Korea Accused of war atrocities’, Guardian, 38.

18 January 2000, p 12

39. Stone, Hidden History of the Korean War, p 18

40. Quoted in Shelton Woods, Vietnam, New York, Hippocrene Books, 2002, p 109-10

41. Woods, Vietnam, p 105

42. Quoted in Gabriel Kolko, the Politics of War, New York, Pantheon, 1990, p 609

43. Ngo Van, In the Crossfire, Oakland AK Press, 2010, p 126 Frank Giles, The Locust Years, London, Secker and Warburg, 1991, p 51; Shelton 44.

Woods, Vietnam, p 113

45. Frank Giles, The Locust Years, London, p 49, 54

46. Theodore Friend, The Blue Eyed Enemy, Princeton University Press, 1988, p 110, 113 Quoted in J. G. A. Parrott, ‘Who Killed Brigadier Mallaby?’ Indonesia, Vol. 20, (Oct., 47.

1975), pp. 87-111, p 91

48. Friend, The Blue Eyed Enemy, p 215 Quoted in Jon Halliday, A Political History of Japanese Capitalism, New York, Monthly 49.

Review Press, 1975, p 152

50. Friend, The Blue Eyed Enemy, p 219, 221

51. Friend, The Blue Eyed Enemy, p 217, 222 BRITISH TROOPS ARRIVE IN BATAVIA (30/9/1945), film is held by the Imperial War 52.

Museum (ID: JFU 385). http://www.colonialfilm.org.uk/node/2884 J.D.F. Jones, The Storyteller: The Many Lives of Laurens Van Der Post, London, 53.

Scribner, 2001, p 66

54. Jones, The Storyteller, p 60

55. Jones, The Storyteller, p 70 Howard Dick, et al, The Emergence of A National Economy, Allen & Unwin, Crow’s 56.

Nest, 2002, p 168

28. India Uprisen, Divided

1. Sucheta Mahajan, Independence and Partition, New Delhi, Sage, 2000, p 48 R. Palme Dutt, India Today, London, Victor Gollancz, 1940, p 405 – the figures for India 2.

as a whole were 239 million Hindus, 68 per cent, and 78 million Muslims, 22 per cent Anthony Read and David Fisher, The Proudest Day, London, Jonathan Cape, 1997, p 3.

4. Stanley Wolpert, Nehru: A Tryst with Destiny, Oxford University Press, 1996, p 325, 327 Anthony Read and David Fisher, The Proudest Day, London, Jonathan Cape, 1997, p 5.

347; Stanley Wolpert, Nehru: A Tryst with Destiny, Oxford University Press, 1996, p 323 Sucheta Mahajan, Independence and Partition, New Delhi, Sage, 2000, p 50, 52, 63;

6.

Christopher Bayly and Tim Harper, Forgotten Armies, London, Penguin, 2005, p 448

7. Sucheta Mahajan, Independence and Partition, New Delhi, Sage, 2000, p 52

8. Sucheta Mahajan, Independence and Partition, New Delhi, Sage, 2000, p 63-4 Joyce Lebra, The Indian National Army and Japan, Singapore, Institute of South East 9.

Asian Studies, 2008, p 200-201

10. Christopher Bayly and Tim Harper, Forgotten Armies, London, Penguin, 2005, p 448

11. Sucheta Mahajan, Independence and Partition, New Delhi, Sage, 2000, p 72

12. Stanley Wolpert, Nehru: A Tryst with Destiny, Oxford University Press, 1996, p 356

13. Sucheta Mahajan, Independence and Partition, New Delhi, Sage, 2000, p 80-85 Joyce Lebra, The Indian National Army and Japan, Singapore, Institute of South East

14. Asian Studies, 2008, p 202-9; Stanley Wolpert, Nehru: A Tryst with Destiny, Oxford University Press, 1996, p 355 Sucheta Mahajan, Independence and Partition, New Delhi, Sage, 2000, p 87-8; Stanley 15.

Wolpert, Nehru: A Tryst with Destiny, Oxford University Press, 1996, p 352 ‘Witness to History’, an interview with Madan Singh, Sunday Tribune (India) 21 March 16. 2004; Sucheta Mahajan, Independence and Partition, New Delhi, Sage, 2000, p 92-5, Nicholas Mansergh, ed., The Transfer of Power in India, 1942-47, Volume 6, London, 17.

Foreign & Commonwealth Office 1976, p 1055 Minute to Prime Minister, 30 August 1946, Sucheta Mahajan, Independence and 18.

Partition, New Delhi, Sage, 2000, p 179

19. Dhanjaya Bhat, Sunday Tribune, 12 February 2006 On 24 December 1946, M. J. Akbar, Nehru: The Making of Modern India, London, 20.

Penguin, 1989, p 366 Stanley Wolpert, Nehru: A Tryst with Destiny, Oxford University Press, 1996, p 370, 21.

375, 376, 378

22. Stanley Wolpert, Nehru: A Tryst with Destiny, Oxford University Press, 1996, p 387

29. The defeated powers under occupation

Quoted in Ulrich Herbert, Hitler’s Foreign Workers, Cambridge, University Press, 1997, 1.

356-8 Patricia Meehan, Strange Enemy People, London, Peter Owen, 2001, p 55, Willoughby, 2.

2001: 102

3. Milovan Djilas, Wartime, New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1977, p 429

4. Quoted in John Costello, Love, Sex and War, London, Pan Books, 1986, p 144

5. Quoted in John Costello, Love, Sex and War, London, Pan Books, 1986, p 144

6. John Willoughby, Remaking the Conquering Heroes, New York, Palgrave, 2001, p 20

7. Leonard Mosley, Report from Germany, London, Gollancz, 1945, p

8. Patricia Meehan, Strange Enemy People, London, Peter Owen, 2001, p 60, 134, 147-8 Wolfgang Schivelbusch, In a Cold Crater, Berkeley University of California Press, 1998, 9.

p 27-8

10. John Willoughby, Remaking the Conquering Heroes, New York, Palgrave, 2001, p 91 Patricia Meehan, A Strange Enemy People, London, Peter Owen, 2001, p 230-1; On the

11. theft of the Haber-Bosch process from BASF at the end of the First World War, see W.J.

Reader, Imperial Chemicals Industries, Volume I, Oxford University Press, 1970, p 364

12. HC Deb 29 July 1946 vol 426 column 599 Patricia Meehan, A Strange Enemy People, London, Peter Owen, 2001 p 228, 200, 13.

207, 201,

14. HC Deb 29 July 1946 vol 426 column 599

15. Patricia Meehan, A Strange Enemy People, London, Peter Owen, 2001, p 253, 248 It was claimed that the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928, including a clause outlawing aggression, was a law against starting wars. But it was a treaty, not a law, and was in

16. any event full of comical exceptions (such as Britain’s presumed right to defend itself against attacks on its vital interests abroad), and widely ridiculed as utopian and vacuous at the time.

17. Kirsten Sellars, The Rise and Rise of Human Rights, Stroud, Sutton, 2002, p 27

18. Kirsten Sellars, The Rise and Rise of Human Rights, Stroud, Sutton, 2002, p 28

19. United States Communication of April 12, 1943 to the Japanese Government

20. Kirsten Sellars, The Rise and Rise of Human Rights, Stroud, Sutton, 2002, p 31-3

21. Kirsten Sellars, The Rise and Rise of Human Rights, Stroud, Sutton, 2002, p 34

22. Airey Neave, Nuremberg, London, Grafton Books, 1989, especially p 272-3

23. Kirsten Sellars, The Rise and Rise of Human Rights, Stroud, Sutton, 2002, p 35 T Kushner, ‘British perceptions of the Final Solution in the Second World War’ in D

24. Cesarani (ed), The Final Solution, 1994, p 249; Lenni Brenner, Zionism in the Age of the Dictators, Lawrence Hill & Co, 1983, Chapter 24

25. Kirsten Sellars, The Rise and Rise of Human Rights, Stroud, Sutton, 2002, p 43-4 Mazower, Dark Continent: Europe’s Twentieth Century, London, Allen Lane 1998, p 26.

27. Hughes, Contemporary Europe: A history, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 198, p 404-5 Ian Cobain, ‘The postwar photographs that British authorities tried to keep hidden’,

28. Guardian, 3 April 2006, http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2006/apr/03/uk.freedomofinformation Stephen Ambrose, ‘Ike and the Disappearing Atrocities’ New York Times Book Review, 29.

February 24, 1991

30. Times, 18 July 1945

31. Patricia Meehan, A Strange Enemy People, London, Peter Owen, 2001, p 73, 86

32. William Manchester, American Caesar, London, Arrow, 1979, p 424 Ruth Benedict, The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture US 33.

Office of War Information, 1946 p 2 Ruth Benedict, The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture US 34.

Office of War Information, 1946 p 213

35. William Manchester, American Caesar, London, Arrow, 1979, p 430

36. Kirsten Sellars, The Rise and Rise of Human Rights, Stroud, Sutton, 2002, p 50

37. Kirsten Sellars, The Rise and Rise of Human Rights, Stroud, Sutton, 2002, p 48

38. Kirsten Sellars, The Rise and Rise of Human Rights, Stroud, Sutton, 2002, p 54-5

39. Kirsten Sellars, The Rise and Rise of Human Rights, Stroud, Sutton, 2002, p 63

40. Kirsten Sellars, The Rise and Rise of Human Rights, Stroud, Sutton, 2002, p 52

41. Yoshida Shigeru, Last Meiji Man, Lanham, Rowman and Littlefield, 2007, p 125, 129

42. Yoshida Shigeru, Last Meiji Man, Lanham, Rowman and Littlefield, 2007, p 184 William Manchester, American Caesar, London, Arrow, 1979, 423-4; Michael Schaller, 43.

The American Occupation of Japan, Oxford University Press, 1985, p 49 Michael Schaller, The American Occupation of Japan, Oxford University Press, 1985, p 44.

49; Yoshida Shigeru, Last Meiji Man, Lanham, Rowman and Littlefield, 2007, p 168

45. Yoshida Shigeru, Last Meiji Man, Lanham, Rowman and Littlefield, 2007, p 173 Michael Schaller, The American Occupation of Japan, Oxford University Press, 1985, p 46. 49-52; Yoshida Shigeru, Last Meiji Man, Lanham, Rowman and Littlefield, 2007, p 177Yoshida Shigeru, Last Meiji Man, Lanham, Rowman and Littlefield, 2007, p 185, 189, 47. 193-6; Mark Caprio, Yoneyuki Sugita, Democracy in Occupied Japan, London, Routledge, 2007, p 15 Mark Caprio, ‘Resident Aliens’, in Mark Caprio, Yoneyuki Sugita, Democracy in

48. Occupied Japan, London, Routledge, 2007, p 188-9; Yoshida Shigeru, Last Meiji Man, Lanham, Rowman and Littlefield, 2007, p 190

30. World War to Cold War

1. Quintin Hogg. ‘British Policy—A Conservative Forecast’ Foreign Affairs October 1943 John Adamson, ‘Post War Preview’,Fourth International, Vol.4 No.10, October 1943, 2.

pp.297-300, http://www.marxists.org/history/etol/writers/cochran/1943/10/preview.htm

3. David Kennedy, Freedom from Fear, Oxford University Press, 1999, 622

4. Paul Kennedy, Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, Fontana, 1990, 475 Charles S. Maier, The Cold War in Europe: era of a divided continent, Princeton N.J., 5.

Markus Wiener, 1996, p 109

6. John Gimbel, Origins of the Marshall Plan, Stanford University Press, 1976, p 1 Antony Carew, Labour under the Marshall Plan, Manchester University Press, 1987, p 7.

in DeConde et al, Encyclopedia of US Foreign Policy, New York, Macmillan, 1978, p.

8.

9. Patricia Meehan, A Strange Enemy People, London, Peter Owen, 2001, p 273 Derek Aldcroft, The European Economy 1914-2000, London, Routledge, 2001 p 114;

10.

James Wood, European Economic Community, 1975, p 10 Geoff Pugh ‘Economic reforms in Germany’, in T. Lange and J.R. Shackleton (eds) The

11. Political Economy of German Reunification, Oxford, Bergahn 1998; Fratiani and Spinelli, A Monetary History of Italy, Cambridge University Press, 1997, p 160-1

12. Dean Acheson, Present at the Creation, New York, WW Norton, 1969, p 147 Charter of the International Trade Organisation, Article Fifteen, Havana, 24 March 1948;

13. Jacob Viner, The Customs Union Issue, New York, Carnegie Endowment for Peace p Averell Harriman and Elie Abel, Special Envoy, New York, Random House, 1975, p 14.

15. Carolyn Eisenberg, Drawing the Line, Cambridge University Press, 1996, p 382 10 Dec 1947, in Carolyn Eisenberg, Drawing the Line, Cambridge University Press, 16.

1996, p 359

17. Dean Acheson, Present at the Creation, New York, Norton, 1969, p 291 John Iatrides and Linda Wrigley, Greece at the Crossroads, Pennsylvania State 18.

University Press, 1995, p 4

19. William Blum, Killing Hope, London, Zed Books, 2003, p 30-32

20. Peter Pulzer, German Politics, 1945-1995, Oxford University Press, 1995, p 43

21. Roy Jenkins, Truman, London, Collins, 1986, p 87

22. Robert Donovan, Conflict and Crisis, 1977, New York, W. W. Norton, p 236 Spaak, The Continuing Battle: Memoirs of a European, 1936-1966., London, 23.

Weidenfeld and Nicolson 1971, p 222 Paul Hockenos, Joschka Fischer and the Making of the Berlin Republic, Oxford 24.

University Press, 2008, p 40, quoting Ruud Koopmans Maria Cowles et al, Transforming Europe: Europeanisation and domestic change, 25.

Ithaca: Cornell University Press 2001, p 103 David Marsh, The Bundesbank: The Bank that rules the World, London: William 26.

Heinemann, 1992, p 49

27. William O. Douglas, Neither to Right Nor Left, CIO Publications, Washington, 1948, p 4

28. Carolyn Eisenberg, Drawing the Line, Cambridge University Press, 1996, p 156

29. Ted Morgan, A Covert Life, New York, Random House, 1999, p 139

30. Ted Morgan, A Covert Life, New York, Random House, 1999, p 179

31. Ted Morgan, A Covert Life, New York, Random House, 1999, p 181 in Val Rogin Lorwin, The French Labour Movement, Oxford University Press, 1954, p 32.

33. Ted Morgan, A Covert Life, New York, Random House, 1999, p 180-3

34. Hansard, 28 September 1949, col. 271 Peter Taafe and Tony Mulhearn, Liverpool: A City that Dared to Fight, London, Fortress, 35.

1988, p 35

36. Peter Pulzer, German Politics, 1945-1995, Oxford University Press, 1995, p 52

37. Mark Mazower, Dark Victory, London, Allen Lane, 1998, p 237

38. Andrew Davies, Where Did the Forties Go? London Pluto Press, 1984, p 72-3

39. Economic Survey of Europe in 1949, p 21

40. Frances Lynch, France and the International Economy, London, Routledge, 1997, p 75 Altvater, Elmar et al, ‘On the Analysis of Imperialism in the Metropolitan Countries: the

41. West German Example’, London, Bulletin of the Conference of Socialist Economists, Spring 1974, p 6, 7, 9 Chris Harman, Revolution and Bureaucracy in Eastern Europe, London, Pluto Press, 42.

1974, p 58 Jeevan Vasagar and Beate Steinhorst, ‘Churchill betrayed East German rising’, 43.

Guardian 17 June 2003

44. William Blum, Killing Hope, London, Zed Books, 2003, p 21-2

45. Dean Acheson, Present at the Creation, New York, WW Norton, 1969, p 146 Jung Chang and Jon Halliday, Mao, London, Jonathan Cape, 2005, p 306; Averell 46.

Harriman and Elie Abe, Special Envoy, New York, Random House, 1975, p 541

47. Averell Harriman and Elie Abe, Special Envoy, New York, Random House, 1975, p 540

48. Dean Acheson, Present at the Creation, New York, WW Norton, 1969, p 147 Jung Chang and Jon Halliday, Mao, London, Jonathan Cape, 2005, p 322-3; Peng Shutse, The Chinese Communist Party in Power, New York, Monad Press, 1980, p 74-5

50. John Gittings, ‘Xiong Xianghui’, Guardian obituaries, 26 September 2005 Peng Shu-tse, The Chinese Communist Party in Power, New York, Monad Press, 1980, 51.

p 77

52. Jung Chang and Jon Halliday, Mao, London, Jonathan Cape, 2005, p 320

31. The Intellectuals and the War

1. Pierre Ayçoberry, The Nazi Question, London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1981, p 91

2. Eric Hobsbawm, Interesting Times, London, Abacus, 2002, p 418, and see 55 Perry Anderson, ‘Components of the National Culture’, English Questions, London, 3.

Verso, 1992

4. Herbert Marcuse, Technology War, and Facism, London, Routledge, 1998, p x Sadly, the ‘Tui Novel’ was never completed, this account is from Brecht’s Journals, 5.

London, Methuen, 1993, p 230 Bertolt Brecht, Journals, London, Methuen, 1993, p 287; William Scheuerman, Between 6.

the Norm and the Exception, Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, 1994, p 124 Rudiger Safranski, Martin Heidegger, Cambridge Mass., Harvard University Press, 7.

1999, p 262 July 1933, in Eri Hotta, Pan Asianism and Japan’s War, Palgrave Macmillan 2007, p 8.

July 1933, in Eri Hotta, Pan Asianism and Japan’s War, Palgrave Macmillan 2007, p 9.

See Graham Barnfield, ‘Federal Arts Policy and Political Legitimation’, in Nancy Beck

10. Young; William D. Pederson; Byron W. Daynes (eds), Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Shaping of American Political Culture, Armonk, ME Sharpe, 2001 Hague and Hennessy, How Adolf Hitler reformed Whitehall. Strathclyde Papers on 11.

Government and Politics 41, 1985 John Sutherland, Stephen Spender, London, Viking, 2004, p 285; Victor Farias, 12.

Heidegger and Nazism Philadelphia, Temple University, 1989, p 159

13. CEMA Bulletin 41, August 1945, my emphasis Horizon, December 1942, in Robert Hewison, Under Siege: Literary Life in London 14.

1939-45, London, Quartet Books, 1979, p 165

15. Michael Ignatieff, Isaiah Berlin: A life, London Vintage 2000, p 227

16. Laurel Fay, Shostakovich, Oxford University Press, 2000, p 132-3 George Steiner, Lukacs after Communism, Eva Corredor (ed) Duke University Press, 17.

1997, p 70 Robert Fishman, Urban Utopias in the Twentieth Century: Ebenezer Howard, Frank 18.

Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier, MIT Press, 1982, p 246 Zeynep Çelik, ‘Le Corbusier, Orientalism, Colonialism’, Assemblage No. 17, April 1992, 19.

p 66

20. Quoted in Ian Birchall, Sartre against Stalinism, Bergahn, 2004, p 42 Quoted in Ian Birchall, Sartre against Stalinism, Bergahn, 2004, p 43; See Hazel Rowley, The Lives and Loves of Simone de Beauvoir and Jean-Paul Sartre, London, 21.

Chatto and Windus, 2006, p 119 for Sartre’s Heidegger studies in the prisoner-of-war camp Ross Russell, Bird Lives! Da Capo Press, New York, 1996, p 180; Robin Kelley, 22.

Thelonius Monk, New York, Free Press, 2009, p 82

23. Frances Stonor Saunders, Who Paid the Piper?, London, Granta, 2000, p 171 Karl Popper, Unending Quest, London, Routledge, 1992, p 105, 107. A friend of mine when a student, confused by Popper’s arguments, got his number in Switzerland from 24.

International Enquiries and rung him up. ‘Do people in England still read my book?’ asked the surprised, cracked voice at the other end of the line.

Karl Popper, The Open Society and its Enemies, Vol II, London, Routledge, 2002, p 67, 25.

112, 180

26. Frederick Hayek, The Road to Serfdom, London, Routledge Classics, 2001, p 4 Clive Ponting, Churchill, London, Sinclair Stevenson 1994 p 718; Hugh Dalton, 27.

Hansard, HC Deb 14 February 1946 vol 419, col 660

28. R. G. Collingwood, An Autobiography, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1991, p 49, 167 Rudiger Safranski, Martin Heidegger, Cambridge Mass., Harvard University Press, 29.

1999, p 336, 338 Tom Rockmore, On Heidegger’s Nazism and Philosophy, London, Harvester, 1992, p 30.

Rudiger Safranski, Martin Heidegger, Cambridge Mass., Harvard University Press, 31.

1999, p 413 Tom Rockmore, On Heidegger’s Nazism and Philosophy, London, Harvester, 1992, p 32.

Rudiger Safranski, Martin Heidegger, Cambridge Mass., Harvard University Press, 33.

1999, p 257, 236, 373 Frederic Jameson, Aesthetics and Politics, London, Verso, 1979 p 142; Martin Jay,

34. Adorno, London, 1984, p 44-5; Istvan Meszaros, Power of Ideology, London, Harvester, Jurgen Habermas,, Autonomy and Solidarity: Interviews with Jurgen Habermas, Peter 35.

Dews (ed.), London, Verso, 1992, p 81

36. Martin Heidegger, Being and Time, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1990, p 166

32. Revising the History of the Second World War

1. Riga, 7 May 2005

2. The Scotsman, 9 May 2005

3. Guardian, 9 May 2005

4. Polityka, 23 March, 2005

5. 17 April 1995

6. The Autobiography, 1999, p 530

7. 9 May 1975

8. 28 April 1965 9. ‘Johnson implies DeGaulle Perils Alliances Unity’, New York Times, 8 May 1965

10. New York Times, 10 May 1975

11. Guardian, 12 January 1985

12. Guardian, 16 January 1985 13. ‘A Message from Moscow’, Time, 20 May 1985

14. 18 April 1985 15. ‘Reagan Joins Kohl in Brief Memorial at Bitburg Graves’, New York Times, 6 May 1985

16. Guardian, 4 June 2004 Robert Gildea, ‘Myth, memory and policy in France since 1945’, in Memory and Power

17. in Post-War Europe, edited by Jan Werner Müller, Cambridge University Press, 2002, p.

18. 25 September 1985

19. Snatching defeat from the Jaws of Victory’, Living Marxism, June 1994

20. Guardian, 4 June 2004

21. Guardian, 4 June 2004

22. Guardian, 7 June 2004

23. New York Times, 14 August 1955

24. New York Times, 15 August 1955

25. New York Times, 14 August 1955

26. New York Times, 15 August 1965

27. New York Times, 14 August 1965

28. New York Times, 15 August 1975

29. Airforce Magazine, November, 1994

30. Reuters, 7 April 1995

31. Downing Street Press Office, 11 January 1995

32. Daily Mail, 6 January 1995

33. Observer, 14 August 2005 ‘President Commemorates 60th Anniversary of V-J Day’ Office of the Press Secretary, 34.

The White House, 30 August 2005

35. Post-War, London, William Heinemann, 2005, p.166 see Nina Tumarkin, The Living and the Dead: the rise and fall of the cult of World War 36.

Two in Russia, New York, 1994, p 104 The New Zealand history available on-line at http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/teicorpus-WH2.html; L. de Jong, Het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden in de tweede wereldoorlog, ‘s-Gravenhage, Staatsuitgeverij, 1969-1976; History of the Great Patriotic 37.

War of the Soviet Union. 1941-1945. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1984, a US Army translation of Istoriia Velikaia Otechestvennaia Voiny Sovetskogo Soiuza 1941published by the Soviet Ministry of Defence

38. Tumarkin, p 104

39. Ian McLaine, Ministry of Morale, London, Allen and Unwin, 1979, p.167 Tojo’s Japan is commonly called ‘Fascist’, but in the sense that there was no mass

40. Fascist party in Japan, that is not accurate, see Jon Halliday, The Political History of Japanese Capitalism, New York, Monthly Review Press, 1975, p133-40 M. Stalin to Prime Minister, 18 July 1941, in Churchill, The Second World War, Vol. III, 41.

1952, p 309

42. Gabriel Kolko, The Politics of War, New York, Pantheon, 1990, p 16

43. Dutt, Britain in the World Front, Lawrence and Wishart, 1942, p. 2 See Silvio Berlusconi’s speech ‘Who we are’, 1998, at http://www.forzaitalia.it/notizie/int_2815.htm

45. New York Times, 18 April 1955

46. New York Times, 26 April 1965

47. New York Times, 12 April, 1965

48. New York Times, 7 April 1975 Peter Novick, The Holocaust and Collective Memory, London, Bloomsbury, 2001, p 49.

209-10 Quoted in Peter Novick, The Holocaust and Collective Memory, London, Bloomsbury, 50.

2001, p 234

51. Novick, The Holocaust and Collective Memory, London, 2001, pp 217-9

52. Barkan, The Guilt of Nations, New York, 2000, p 93 As at 1 February 2007. Amazon’s total includes duplicate editions, and such is the

53. ubiquity of the term, not all books with Holocaust in the title are about the Nazi Holocaust.

54. Stefan Aust, The Baader-Meinhof Group, London, Bodley Head, 1987, p 251, 235 Stasi leader Markus Wolf insisted that though ‘only a small minority of Germans were actually guilty’, ‘all Germans who lived willingly under the Nazis bear a responsibility for 55.

them’, Memoirs of a Spymaster, London, Pimlico, 1998, 251 - an attitude which no doubt made it easier for him to keep records on so many of his countrymen.

56. Elazar Barkan, The Guilt of Nations, New York, Norton, 2000, p 8

57. Ian Buruma, The Wages of Guilt, London, Jonathan Cape, 1994, p25 In Roderick Stackelberg, Sally A. Winkle, Nazi Germany Sourcebook: An Anthology of 58.

Texts, London, Routledge, 2002, p 417

59. See Ian Buruma, Wages of Guilt, London, Jonathan Cape, 1994 Daniel Goldhagen, Hitler’s Willing Executioners, London, Abacus, 1997, especially 60.

chapter two

See Ruth Bettina Burn’s “Revising the Holocaust,” The Historical Journal, 40.1 (1997);

61. Birn and Norman Finkelstein, A Nation on Trial: the Goldhagen Thesis and Historical Truth, 1998 John Major, Autobiography, London, Harper Collins 1999: 175; Timothy Garton Ash, 62. ‘The Chequers Affair’, New York Review of Books, Volume 37, Number 14, 27 September 1990 Tony Barber, ‘The Alf Garnet Version of History’ London Independent, 7 October 1996;

63.

Guardian, 4 May 2005

64. Guardian, 9 December 2002 Observer 18 December 2005; and see Tristram Hunt, ‘Conscription of the past’, 65.

Guardian, 11 June 2005; Guardian 15 February 2005 AJP Taylor, A Personal History, London, Coronet, 1984, p 298; AJP Taylor, Origins of 66.

the Second World War, Harmondsworth, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1977, p 7 AJP Taylor, Origins of the Second World War, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 67.

Harmondsworth, 1977, p 13 in E M Robertson, The Origins of the Second World War, London, Macmillan, 1971, p 68.

86, 85, 99 in E. M. Robertson, The Origins of the Second World War, London, Macmillan, 1971, p 69.

70. AJP Taylor, A Personal History, London, Coronet, 1984, p 299, 300

71. AJP Taylor, Origins of the Second World War, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1977, p 9 in E. M. Robertson, The Origins of the Second World War, London, Macmillan, 1971, p 72.

in E. M. Robertson, The Origins of the Second World War, London, Macmillan, 1971, p 73.

74. Eric Hobsbawm, Age of Extremes, Michael Joseph Ltd, 1994, p 36

75. AJP Taylor, A Personal History, London, Coronet, 1984, p 301 AJP Taylor, Origins of the Second World War, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 76.

Harmondsworth, 1977, p 9 E.H. Carr, International Relations Between the World Wars 1919-1939, London,

77. Macmillan Press, 1986, (Orig. International Relations Since the Peace Treaties, 1937) p 262-3

78. E. H. Carr, Twenty Years Crisis, London, Macmillan, 1946, p 83-4 William Appleman Williams Tragedy of American Diplomacy (1959) was the first of the critical New Left histories of the Second World War See Robert Maddox, The New Left 79.

and the Origins of the Cold War, Princeton UP, 1973, for a conservative critique of Williams ‘Counter-Insurgency…’, in David Horowitz (ed) Containment and Revolution, London, 80.

Anthony Blond, 1967, p 141 Less celebrated today, but an important innovator in this historical revision of the Second World War, was David Horowitz, whose Free World Colossus (1965), edited collection Containment and Revolution (1967) and Empire and Revolution (1969) took 81.

the shine off the western Allies conduct of the World War, looking through the prism of the Cold War, and Vietnam. His subsequent recantation of his radical past to embrace Conservatism has tended to put people off of his researches of the 1960s.

It is an alternative account that continues to be rehearsed in such books as Thomas 82.

Fleming’s The New Dealers’ War (2002) and John Flynn’s The Roosevelt Myth (1990) Jon Halliday and Gavan MCormack, Japanese Imperialism Today, Harmondsworth, 83.

Penguin, 1973, p 21-4

84. Julie Summers, The Colonel of Tamarkan, London, Simon and Schuster, 2005, p 359

85. Elazar Barkan, The Guilt of Nations, New York, Norton, 2000, p 55

86. Elazar Barkan, The Guilt of Nations, New York, Norton, 2000, p 60

87. Elazar Barkan, The Guilt of Nations, New York, Norton, 2000, p 62

88. See Daniel Nassim, ‘Still Bashing the Japs’, Living Marxism issue 83, October 1995 see Charles Delzell, ‘The Italian anti-Fascist Resistance in Retrospect: Three Decades 89.

of Historiography’, Journal of Modern History, 47, March 1975, p 77 See Carlo Feltrinelli, Feltrinelli: A Story of Riches, Revolution, and Violent Death, 90.

Harcourt. 2002 See Andreas Papandreou, Paternalistic Capitalism, 1972, Minneapolis, University of 91.

Minnesota, 124-6; Constantine Tsoucalas, The Greek Tragedy, 1969 Timothy Snyder, ‘Memory over sovereignty and sovereignty over memory: Poland,

92. Lithuania and Ukraine, 1939-1999’, in Muller, Memory and Power in Post War Europe, Cambridge University Press, 2002 Stevan Pavlowitch, Tito - Yugoslavia’s Great Dictator: A Reassessment, Ohio State 93.

University, Press, 1992;

Robert Paxton, Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order 1940-1944, Columbia 94.

University Press, 1982 (orig. 1972), p142 Adam Nossiter, The Algeria Hotel: France, Memory and the Second World War, 95.

London, Methuen, 2001, p. 10 And see Susan Zuccotti’s Under His Very Windows: The Vatican and the Holocaust in 96.

Italy, 2000 Japanese American Citizens League, The Japanese American Incarceration: A Case for Redress, San Francisco, 1978; Roger Daniels, and Eric Foner. (Eds.) Prisoners Without Trial: Japanese Americans in World War II, Hill & Wang Publishers, 1993; Erica Harth (Ed.), Last Witnesses: Reflections on the Wartime Internment of Japanese Americans, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001; Lawson Fusao Inada, Only What We 97.

Could Carry: The Japanese American Internment Experience, Heyday Books, 2000;

Alice Yang Murray, What Did the Internment of Japanese Americans Mean? Bedford/St.

Martin’s, 2000; Jerry Stanley, I Am an American: A True Story of Japanese Internment, Crown Publishing, 1996; Michi Nishiura Weglyn, Years of Infamy: The Untold Story of America’s Concentration Camps, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1996.

98. Tony Rennell, ‘Hitler was evil. Our bombs were not’, Observer, 31 October 2004 Contemporary culture has eliminated both the concept of the public and the figure of the intellectual. Former public spaces – both physical and cultural – are now either derelict or colonized by advertising. A cretinous anti-intellectualism presides, cheerled by expensively educated hacks in the pay of multinational corporations who reassure their bored readers that there is no need to rouse themselves from their interpassive stupor. The informal censorship internalized and propagated by the cultural workers of late capitalism generates a banal conformity that the propaganda chiefs of Stalinism could only ever have dreamt of imposing. Zer0 Books knows that another kind of discourse – intellectual without being academic, popular without being populist – is not only possible: it is already flourishing, in the regions beyond the striplit malls of so-called mass media and the neurotically bureaucratic halls of the academy. Zer0 is committed to the idea of publishing as a making public of the intellectual. It is convinced that in the unthinking, blandly consensual culture in which we live, critical and engaged theoretical reflection is more important than ever before.



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 76 | 77 ||


Similar works:

«s Botswana Notes and Records, Volume 26 ' The Great General of the Kaiser by JAN-BART GEWALD' During the Herero German war, of 1904 19081, the Vernichtungsbefehl or extermination order, was issued, in terms of which all Herero in German territory were to be shot or expelled. Authors have recently sought to deny or downplay the existence of the order. Research conducted in Botswana and elsewhere has brought to light documentary evidence which conclusively proves the existence of the order and a...»

«chf euro chf euro Eurokurs | EUR CHF | Euro Franken | Wechselkurs aktueller EUR CHF: Hier finden Sie den aktuellen Wechselkurs von Euro EUR und Schweizer Franken CHF mit Chart, historischen Kursen und Nachrichten Eurokurs | Kurs Euro Schweizer Franken (EUR/CHF) Aktueller Eurokurs: Wechselkurs Euro Schweizer Franken (EUR/CHF). Mit Kursentwicklung, Charts und News. Schweizer Franken Wikipedia 1 CHF = 0,92251 EUR. 1 CHF = 0,7143 GBP 1 CHF = 114,6 JPY 1 CHF = 1,0056 USD. Der Schweizer Franken...»

«SEMICONDUCTORS AT UNIVAC Compiled and Written by B. N. ‘Mike’ Svendsen This history paper was created by Mike at the request of Dr. Tom Misa, Director of the Charles Babbage Institute at the University of Minnesota with great inputs from Larry Bolton, Ralph Kerler, David Kirkwood, and Richard ‘Dick’ Petschauer. Edited and formatted by Lowell A. Benson for publication on the VIP Club’s Information Technology (IT) Legacy web site. Table of Contents SEMICONDUCTORS AT UNIVAC THE...»

«MANUAL DEL INVERSOR EN WARRANTS Indice 1. ¿Qué es un warrant?.. 2 • Breve repaso a la historia. 2 • Definición.. 2 • Características de los warrants.3 • Tipos de warrants.. 4 2. Consideraciones al precio de un warrant. 7 • El precio de un warrant: la prima. 7 • Factores que afectan al precio de un warrant. 8 • Valor intrínseco y Valor Temporal.10 • “Dentro del dinero”, “En el dinero” y “Fuera del dinero”.13 • Las sensibilidades del warrant. 15 3....»

«Creating a tobacco-free campus a policy guide Photo by Jim Simandl Made possible by funding from Public Health Seattle & King County and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Creating a tobacco-free campus: a policy guide ‖We are witnessing a public health evolution to make smoking history and protect people from tobacco dependence so that they have a fighting chance to enjoy their full potential for health,‖ he said in a statement. ―Implementing this initiative will bring us...»

«World Nutrition Volume 4, Number 6, June 2013 WN Hot topic World Nutrition Volume 4, Number 6, June 2013 Journal of the World Public Health Nutrition Association Published monthly at www.wphna.org Microbiota Bugged Michael Pollan Website: michaelpollan.com Jeff Leach (contributions) Website: humanfoodproject.com Michael Pollan’s books written over more than 20 years: Second Nature (1991), A Place of my Own (1997), The Botany of Desire (2001); The Omnivore’s Dilemma (2006), In Defense of...»

«COMPULSION TO BE A WITNESS AND THE RESURRECTION OF BOYD RicHARD A. NAGAREDA* Formore than a century, judges and commentators have sought to determine the proper meaning of the Self-Incrimination Clause of tile Fifth Amendment Although the Supreme Court during this period has expanded dramatically t1e scope of protection afforded by the Clause with regard to self-incriminatoryoral statements, the Court has retreated steadily from its 1886 decision in Boyd v. United States, which had provided...»

«Race and Membership in American History: The Eugenics Movement Facing History and Ourselves National Foundation, Inc. Brookline, Massachusetts For permission to reproduce the following photographs, posters, and charts in this book, grateful acknowledgement is made to the following: Cover: “Mixed Types of Uncivilized Peoples” from Truman State University. (Image #1028 from Cold Spring Harbor Eugenics Archive, http://www.eugenics archive.org/eugenics/). Fitter Family Contest winners, Kansas...»

«Cork City and County Archives Descriptive List Identity Statement Area Reference Code: IE CCCA/U405 Title: Coppinger of Barryscourt, Letters, 1740-1843 Dates: 1740-56; 1784-85; 1827-43 [1797] Level of description: Fonds / Item Extent: 90 items Context Archival History The ninety letters comprising this collection were formerly located at Bailick Cottage, Ballinacurra, Co Cork, the onetime residence of a Coppinger descendant who possessed them. On his departure, they remained at the house and...»

«EXECUTIVE CHEF PROFILE: NEW ORLEANS COUNTRY CLUB NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA THE EXECUTIVE CHEF OPPORTUNITY AT NEW ORLEANS COUNTRY CLUB The executive chef position at New Orleans Country Club (NOCC) is an amazing opportunity for a talented culinarian who is a positive leader, mentor and team player; has strong organizational, administrative and financial skills; and has New Orleans culinary experience. NOCC is a premier private club in the heart of New Orleans and is steeped in the rich history of...»

«En (o)moralisk handEl? – sveriges ekonomiska relationer med nazityskland av martin Fritz, Birgit karlsson, ingela karlsson & sven nordlund skriFTsEriE #2:2006 En (o)moRalISK handEl? – Sveriges ekonomiska relationer med nazityskland av martin Fritz, Birgit Karlsson, Ingela Karlsson & Sven nordlund SKRIFTSERIE #2:2006 »En (o)moralisk handel?« ingår i Forum för levande historias skriftserie Författare: Martin Fritz, Birgit Karlsson, Ingela Karlsson & Sven Nordlund Redaktör: Charlotte...»

«ROADSIDE GEOLOGY AND MINING HISTORY OF THE MOTHER LODE PART 2: JACKSON TO GRASS VALLEY GEOLOGIC FIELD GUIDE Amador, Sacramento, El Dorado, Placer, and Nevada counties Excursions along the Highway 49 corridor March 15-17, 2007 Gregg Wilkerson and David Lawler U.S. Bureau of Land Management Far West Geoscience Foundation Buena Vista Museum of Natural History ROADSIDE GEOLOGY AND MINING HISTORY OF THE MOTHER LODE PART II: JAMESTOWN TO GRASS VALLEY Gregg Wilkerson and David Lawler Keywords:...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dis.xlibx.info - Thesis, dissertations, books

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.