«Crusades Crusades were Christian military expeditions and religious wars proclaimed by the pope. They were organized mainly to defend Christians and ...»
Historians once thought the crusaders who returned to Europe introduced Westerners to Eastern goods and ways of life. They thought that this contact greatly influenced Western life. As a result of the Crusades, they argued, Europeans were introduced to such items as sugar, silk, velvet, and glass mirrors. But modern historians reject these arguments. They point to a wide amount of interchange between Muslims, Byzantines, and Europeans long before the Crusades. Book Multimedia Encyclopedia © 2003 World Book, Inc. 233 North Michigan Avenue Suite 2000 Chicago, Illinois 60601. All rights reserved.
From the World Printed from The World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia
Child, John, and others.The Crusades. Bedrick, 1996. Younger readers.
Foss, Michael.People of the First Crusade. Arcade Pub., 1997.
Hillenbrand, Carole.The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives. Fitzroy Dearborn, 1999.
Reagan, Geoffrey.Lionhearts: Saladin, Richard I, and the Era of the Third Crusade. Walker, 1999.
Rice, Earle.Life During the Crusades. Lucent Bks., 1998..
Riley-Smith, Jonathan, ed.The Oxford Illustrated History of the Crusades. 1995. Reprint. Oxford, 1997.
From the World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia © 2003 World Book, Inc. 233 North Michigan Avenue Suite 2000 Chicago, Illinois 60601. All rights reserved.