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Notice carefully in verse 21. As it says "Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth…" Eber is actually the great grandson of Shem, as we see in these verses that Arphaxad is the son of Shem, Salah is the son of Arphaxad and Eber is the son of Salah.
In verse 21. It also speaks of Japheth, and says that even to him were sons born. We'll look at how he ties into this in a little while, but first we want to take a look at Eber. When we go to the Hebrew language we find that the name Eber is ‘ רבעEber (ay’- ber) Eber or Heber= "the region beyond" the same as Greek ʼΕβέρ Eber (eb-er’) Eber or Hebrew = "the region beyond". We see from this the name Eber is also the name Hebrew which means the region beyond. From Eber comes the Hebrew people.
It also mentioned in verse 21, which not only was Shem the father of all the children of Eber, which are the Hebrews, but that he is also the brother of Japheth. What I find of interest is that Ham was also the brother of Shem and Japheth, but Ham is not mentioned here as a brother, the focal point of this verse brings into focus Shem and Eber, the Hebrews and Japheth, his line settled in the European countries, they were the Gentiles so we have in focus the Hebrews and the Gentiles.
We don't want to leave Ham behind out of the picture so we'll go back to chapter 9 of Genesis to take a look at something important concerning Ham.
Genesis 9:25 25 And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.
Elohim (God) is giving a curse to Ham's son Canaan. I would like to bring something into perspective.
Looking at these verses we saw Shem, who he spotlighted the name Eber through Shem he is the Hebrews. Through Shem we see the Hebrews. He also spotlighted the name Japheth, together with Eber, and Japheth is the Gentile people. Now we are looking at the descendants of Ham and through his line, we see that there is a curse upon the people. These all have spiritual significance because of sin.
This entire world is as the children of Ham, we are all under a curse. Elohim (God) works with these people by working through the Hebrews and the Gentiles we'll look at how Elohim (God) did this.
Genesis 9:26 26 And he said, Blessed be the LORD Elohim (God) of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.
In this verse concerning Shem it says blessed the Lord Elohim (God) of Shem. I would like you to note something, it does not say blessed be Shem, but the Lord Elohim (God) of Shem. So he is giving a blessing to the Lord Elohim (God) of Shem, it could also be said. Blessed be the Lord Elohim (God) of the Hebrews.
Genesis 9:27 27 Elohim (God) shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.
In addition to Elohim (God) enlarging Japheth. Elohim (God) says also of him that he shall dwell in the tents of Shem. Elohim (God) is looking to sometime in the future. It could be said, as we recognize the people of Shem as the Hebrew people, and the people of Japheth as the Gentile people that the Gentiles shall dwell in the tents of the Hebrews. We might be giving a little too much away. We'll continue developing all of this.
From the line of Seth is where the Hebrew people come from through the line of Ham is where the Babylonians, the Assyrians and the Chaldeans come from. These are a cursed people. Therefore, they are spiritually viewed as those from the domain of Satan. Shem on the other hand, being the people of the Hebrews, these were the chosen people of Elohim (God). We are beginning to see spiritually two different peoples. The people of Elohim (God), the Hebrews, and the people from the domain of Satan, the Babylonians and Assyrians in the Chaldeans.
As we read through the Old Testament. We see the focal point upon the Hebrews and upon the Babylonians and Assyrians other than what we have previously looked at through the line of Japheth.
We really see nothing about the descendants of Japheth being spoke of with any significance.
Throughout the Old Testament the Bible continues its focus upon the children of Shem; the Hebrews and the children of Ham the Babylonians and Assyrians and there are constant conflicts taking place between the two of these people's. However, we still do not see anything spoke of through the Old Testament of the descendants of Japheth. It is almost as though Elohim (God) has forgotten about him, although we do recall in the Bible that it said that Japheth shall dwell in the tents of Shem.
All through the Old Testament times, the people of Elohim (God) are seen as being the Hebrew people who are in the line of Shem and Elohim (God) has given his law to the Hebrews, and he has given the ceremonies for the Hebrew people to observe and remember, for example in the book of numbers.
Numbers 28:1-3 1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Command the children of Israel, and say unto them, My offering, and my bread for my sacrifices made by fire, for a sweet savour unto me, shall ye observe to offer unto me in their due season.
3 And thou shalt say unto them, This is the offering made by fire which ye shall offer unto the LORD;
two lambs of the first year without spot day by day, for a continual burnt offering.
Elohim (God) is instructing the Israelites who are the Hebrew people that they are to have a continual burnt offering day by day, and this continual burnt offering day by day is to be two lambs of the first year without spot this is their daily sacrifice that they are to make each day. Although they would use actual physical lambs to offer these sacrifices but, they do have a spiritual meaning the Lamb without spot represents the coming Lord Yahshua (Jesus) the Messiah. So spiritually the Lamb is Yahshua (Jesus). All their ceremonial offerings they were to offer during the Old Testament times represented Spiritual things that were to come. The spiritual things they pointed to were the reality and the physical things of the Old Testament were only a figure of the reality or as we see in the book of Hebrews they are a shadow of the reality.
Hebrews 10:1, 7-10 1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.
7 Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O Elohim (God).
8 Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law;
9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O Elohim (God). He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.
10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Yahshua (Jesus) the Messiah once for all.
The Old Testament laws and ceremonies were not the reality, they were to conduct these ceremonies so they will not forget them. When the reality which is Yahshua (Jesus) The Messiah who brings the true sanctification or salvation which the things of old pointed to. I would also like to draw emphasis on (verse 10), it says "by the which will we are sanctified" the will it is speaking of is the will of Elohim (God), for we are sanctified or saved by the will of Elohim (God), not by our own will not by any works that we do.
I would like to draw something similar to a family tree to show the descendants of Noah.
We will be seeing some names of significance.
Notice through the line of Shem the name Eber, his name is actually Hebrew. Next through the line of Ham, this line has been cursed from Elohim (God); a spiritual picture of the domain of Satan. Finally Japheth, who settled in the European nations. They are the Gentiles, the name I want to focus upon in this line is the name Kittim sometimes said in the Bible as Chittim either spelling is the exact same person from the Gentiles.
Throughout the Old Testament the main focus is on the Israelite people who are the Hebrews. They are the chosen people of Elohim (God). In opposition to the Hebrews are those from Babylon, Assyria the Chaldeans, etc. who are a figure of the domain of Satan. Those from the domain of Satan are in opposition to the people of Elohim (God). We don't really see any emphasis focused upon the line of Japheth. One of the things we did see of Japheth was that Elohim (God) said he would enlarge Japheth, and they would dwell in the tents of Shem.
The Hebrew people of Elohim (God), and in opposition to them the Babylonians and Assyrians continue pretty much all through the Old Testament. However, when we began to arrive at the New Testament. Then we see the focal point change after the death and resurrection of Yahshua (Jesus) the Messiah the true Lamb of Elohim (God). The Bible speaks of this Hebrew man by the name of Saul.
One day he was on his way to Damascus in order to bring out followers of Yahshua (Jesus) the Messiah to be persecuted and some put to death. On his way to Damascus there was this great light that shone round about him, and he fell to the ground.
Acts 9:1-15 1 And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest, 2 And desired of him letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any of this way, [Chirstians] whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem.
3 And as he journeyed, he came near Damascus: and suddenly there shined round about him a light
4 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?
5 And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Yahshua (Jesus) whom thou persecutest: it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks.
6 And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the city, and it shall be told thee what thou must do.
7 And the men which journeyed with him stood speechless, hearing a voice, but seeing no man.
8 And Saul arose from the earth; and when his eyes were opened, he saw no man: but they led him by the hand, and brought him into Damascus.
9 And he was three days without sight, and neither did eat nor drink.
10 And there was a certain disciple at Damascus, named Ananias; and to him said the Lord in a vision, Ananias. And he said, Behold, I am here, Lord.
11 And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the street which is called Straight, and enquire in the house of Judas for one called Saul, of Tarsus: for, behold, he prayeth, 12 And hath seen in a vision a man named Ananias coming in, and putting his hand on him, that he might receive his sight.
13 Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he hath done to
thy saints at Jerusalem:
14 And here he hath authority from the chief priests to bind all that call on thy name.
15 But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before
the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel:
Acts 9:17-20 17 And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, even Yahshua (Jesus), that appeared unto thee in the way as thou camest, hath sent me, that thou mightest receive thy sight, and be filled with the Holy Ghost.
18 And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received sight forthwith, and arose, and was baptized.
19 And when he had received meat, he was strengthened. Then was Saul certain days with the disciples which were at Damascus.
20 And straightway he preached the Messiah in the synagogues, that he is the Son of Elohim (God).
Many of you know Saul by his other name Paul, the writer of many of the books in the New Testament.
9 Then Saul, (who also is called Paul,) filled with the Holy Ghost, set his eyes on him, After Paul's conversion to Christianity. We see him writing letters to those in Rome, a Gentile nation.
We also see him writing letters to those in Corinth a Gentile nation also to those in Ephesus, a Gentile nation and to the Galatians a Gentile nation, we could go on and on for Paul is preaching the word of Elohim (God) through these Gentile nations, and they are coming to know Yahshua (Jesus) the Messiah as Lord and Savior of their lives. From these Gentile nations the word of Elohim (God) has gone throughout all the world. Elohim (God) used these Gentile nations who were from the line of Japheth as a springboard for the gospel of Yahshua (Jesus) the Messiah to go throughout the nations. This is what is meant in the Old Testament. When Elohim (God) was speaking of Japheth, and said, I will enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem. Shem being the Hebrews of the Old Testament. The Messiah being the true sacrifice of Elohim (God) that the Old Testament ceremonies pointed to. As the Gentile nations are taking the word of Elohim (God) throughout the world. In this way, they are dwelling in the tents of Shem, or the Hebrews for those saved by the grace of Yahshua (Jesus) the Messiah are the true Israel of Elohim (God).
With this information at hand. The platform now is pretty well set to follow through some of the passages and come to an understanding of what is being said.
We will take a quick look in the book of numbers.
Numbers 24:23, 24 23 And he took up his parable, and said, Alas, who shall live when Elohim (God) doeth this!
24 And ships shall come from the coast of Chittim, and shall afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber, and he also shall perish for ever.