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As we see from the beginning of this passage people do not understand the spiritual side of things, even when they are told as the example of Martha after Yahshua (Jesus) said to roll the stone away from the mouth of the grave. Martha is telling Yahshua (Jesus), but he's been dead for four days. By this time he is going to stink and Yahshua (Jesus) reminded her did I not say to you, if you believe you will see the glory of Elohim (God). Then Yahshua (Jesus) began to pray out loud in (verse 42). The reason Yahshua (Jesus) was praying out loud was for the sake of those who stood by and were watching; so they may believe that Elohim (God) has sent him.
I would like to bring emphasis upon the condition of Lazarus as he lay in the tomb. Lazarus is dead!
In his dead condition there is no way for him to respond to anything at all. There is no way for him to come to an understanding about salvation in the Messiah (Christ) and to accept Yahshua (Jesus). His physical condition he is in is the same condition we are in spiritually before we come to salvation. We are spiritually dead, there is no way in our Spiritual condition we are in, and we would never be able to respond by accepting Yahshua (Jesus) the Messiah (Christ). In the following verses we see Lazarus being brought back to life.
John 11:43, 44 43 And when he thus had spoken, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth.
44 And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with graveclothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Yahshua (Jesus) saith unto them, loose him, and let him go.
In (verse 43) is the call to Lazarus by Yahshua (Jesus) and as you recall when we were looking at John chapter 10, where Yahshua (Jesus) is saying that he is the good Shepherd of the sheep, and he is the door by which you enter in, one of the things Yahshua (Jesus) said in that passage was he knows his sheep and is known of them and that he calls his sheep by name and they follow him. We see in (verse 43), Yahshua (Jesus) put a call out to Lazarus and called him by name and said, come forth. Lazarus came forth out of the grave still with the grave cloths around him.
In the condition that Lazarus was in there was no way he could decide from his own free will whether he was going to accept Yahshua (Jesus) or not, and come alive. The only possibility for such a decision to be made from Lazarus is after he came alive, but, by that time he was already alive and it was too late to make any type of decision whether he was going to come to life are not.
This has all been done on a physical level to teach a spiritual truth. Prior to salvation everyone is spiritually dead, as dead spiritually as Lazarus was physically having no knowledge of any spiritual truths possessing no righteousness whatsoever, and not having the ability to seek Yahshua (Jesus) at all.
As we recall from reading (Romans 3:10 and following). Because of the spiritual condition we are in prior to salvation we do not possess the ability to make any decision one way or the other regarding our life in the Messiah (Christ).
In wrapping up I want to look at the Sabbath. There is a lot of misunderstanding about the Sabbath. There are many people who believe that the Sabbath is exclusively on Saturdays, just as there are others who believe the Sabbath is exclusively on Sundays. There has been numerous discussions and debates as to when or what the Sabbath is. It is my belief that after the resurrection of Yahshua (Jesus) the Messiah (Christ) the Sabbath is every day.
There are two books in the Bible that introduce the law of the Sabbath. One is in (Exodus 20:8-11).
Another is in (Deuteronomy 5:12-15). We will take a close look at both passages. The law of the Sabbath is the fourth command in the 10 Commandments.
Exodus 20:8-11 8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:
10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy Elohim (God): in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy
stranger that is within thy gates:
11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
Whether someone is under the belief the Sabbath is on a Saturday or that the Sabbath is on a Sunday.
They both agree during the Old Testament times when the Sabbath law was given prior to the New Testament the Sabbath was on Saturday, the last day of the week. Part of the instructions that Elohim (God) gave in (Exodus 20) on the Sabbath day there was to be no work done on that day at all, not by you, your manservant, your maidservants, your son, your daughter, your cattle, or any stranger, no work at all was to be done on the Sabbath.
Another thing I would like to make note of from (Exodus 20) is the reason for the Sabbath day law. We see in (verse 11) it says, “For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.” Two things I would like for you to keep in mind about the Sabbath is no work to be done and in Exodus, it was after Elohim (God) created the heaven and earth he entered into his Sabbath rest.
Deuteronomy 5:12-15 12 Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD thy Elohim (God) hath commanded thee.
13 Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work:
14 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy Elohim (God): in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou.
15 And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the LORD thy Elohim (God) brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the LORD thy Elohim (God) commanded thee to keep the sabbath day.
Here we have the Sabbath day law from the book of Deuteronomy. It is very similar to the Sabbath day law that was given in the book of Exodus. From the account in Deuteronomy it does bring out one additional thing when you get to (verse 15). It brings out the fact of Israel being held captive in the land of Egypt, and that the Lord thy Elohim (God) brought them out of their captivity by mighty hand and an outstretched arm: therefore the Lord thy Elohim (God) commanded them to keep the Sabbath day.
In Deuteronomy it brings out the fact of Israel's bondage in the land of Egypt, and being brought out of their bondage. I don't think that we have a contradiction of the two descriptions of the Sabbath day law from Exodus and Deuteronomy. One thing that you could take away from this and make a notation of is in (Exodus 20), it speaks of Elohim (God) creating the earth and the heavens in six days in entering into his rest on the seventh day. Thereby hollowing the seventh day. We see the action of Elohim (God) and after the creation Elohim (God) the Father entered into his rest, because everything was now complete.
The stage was all set for the salvation of mankind. Whereas in Deuteronomy it brought out the fact of Israel's bondage in Egypt, and their deliverance from bondage. This I believe highlights the work of Yahshua (Jesus) the Messiah (Christ) and his sacrifice on the cross and resurrection to bring his people out of their bondage to Satan and sin and release them from their bondage. After Yahshua (Jesus) made the way for salvation by the cross. He also entered into rest, the same rest that Elohim (God) entered.
There isn't a contradiction of the two I believe that they complement each other because the Sabbath has to do with salvation. We can see this more clearly when we look at (Hebrews 4).
Hebrews 4:2, 3 2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.
3 For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world.
The children of Israel of the Bible times do not believe in the Messiah (Christ) as the Savior. It says in (verse 2), “For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them:” When the Bible uses the word “us”, it's talking about people who have become saved. When the Bible uses the word “them”, it's talking about people who have not become saved. The reason they have not become saved is because it was not mixed with faith in them that heard it. As it begins the next verse it says “for we which have believed do enter into rest.” The rest it is speaking of entering into is the Sabbath rest of Elohim (God), and we know that this is talking about the Sabbath rest of Elohim (God) as we look to the next verse, (verse 4).
4 For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And Elohim (God) did rest the seventh day from all his works.
We see that he is definitely speaking of entering the Sabbath rest. As it brings out in that fourth verse.
"For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day in this wise, and Elohim (God) did rest the seventh day from all his works." So he highlights the seventh day and Elohim (God) entering into rest. This is Elohim’s (God’s) Sabbath rest. So with that fresh in our minds about entering Elohim’s (God’s) Sabbath rest. It continues in the next verses to say.
Hebrews 4:5, 6 5 And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest.
6 Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached
entered not in because of unbelief:
It says in (verse 6) “seeing therefore, it remains that some must enter therein.” What it is referring to, that they enter into is Elohim’s (God’s) rest, his Sabbath rest that he entered into after creating the heavens and earth, and those to who it was first preached to did not enter it says, because of unbelief.
So this is definitely speaking of salvation as to the way we enter into Elohim’s (God’s) rest. By believing in the name of Yahshua (Jesus) the Messiah (Christ). Those who it was first preached to means Elohim’s (God’s) people of the Old Testament times. Therefore, Elohim (God) appoints another Sabbath day.
7 Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
The word limiteth is a word that means to appoint so backing up to (verse 6) it is saying, “seeing therefore it remains that some must enter therein, and those who it was first preached to did not enter because of unbelief: again he appointed a certain day. That is he appointed another day, saying in David "to day." If you hear his voice, harden not your hearts. This is a quotation of David from the Psalms.
Psalms 95:7, 8 7 For he is our Elohim (God); and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand.
To day if ye will hear his voice, 8 Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness:
What it means by today, this is not encompassing only one day because David said this over 1000 years before the time of the Messiah (Christ), so that day when David said that has already come and gone.
For the writer of Hebrews to re-quote it after the resurrection of Yahshua (Jesus) is showing that it is not speaking of one literal day. If you hear the voice of the Messiah (Christ) today, harden not your hearts. This day that it is speaking of is the day of salvation. The day of salvation is the appointed time of entering Elohim’s (God’s) Sabbath rest which we enter by belief in the Son of Elohim (God), Yahshua (Jesus) the Messiah (Christ). Therefore the time for entering into Elohim’s (God’s) Sabbath rest begins at the resurrection of Yahshua (Jesus) the Messiah (Christ) and continues until the return of the Messiah (Christ). We can also see how the Sabbath is speaking about salvation and the appointed time of salvation. When we look to Matthew.
1 In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.
In our English translation you cannot see it as well, because I think the translators had a problem translating this verse. I can show you what I mean when we look at this verse in the Greek.
1 οψε δε σαββατων τη επιφωσκουση εις μιαν σαββατων ηλθεν μαρια η μαγδαληνη και η αλλη μαριαθεωρησαι τον ταφον Here is (Matthew 28:1) only in the Greek. I have underlined two of the Greek words. You can see both underlined words are the same word, the English translation of that word is Sabbaths.
So we can see Sabbaths is in this verse two times. I will put the Greek verse here again and this time, translate the words for you in brackets and bold type.
1 οψε δε [now in the end] σαββατων [Sabbaths] τη επιφωσκουση [as began to dawn] εις [towards] μιαν [first] σαββατων [Sabbaths] ηλθεν [came] μαρια [Mary] η [the] μαγδαληνη [Magdalena] και [and] η [the] αλλη [other] μαρια [Mary] θεωρησαι τον ταφον [to see sepulcher] You should be able to see from this verse in Greek of Matthew 28:1 how it is I was saying I believe the interpreters had trouble with this verse. As you see from the English translation that I have in brackets and bold type. The word Sabbaths appear twice in this verse. Once as it was saying at the end of the Sabbaths, there's no problem with this one because Yahshua (Jesus) laid in the tomb on the Sabbath day after he was crucified. However, the next day when he rose from the dead. Here is where I believe the interpreters had a problem, because it said in the Greek as it began to dawn towards the first Sabbaths came the two Mary's to the sepulcher.