«Paper #2-11 SUBSEA DRILLING, WELL OPERATIONS AND COMPLETIONS Prepared by the Offshore Operations Subgroup of the Operations & Environment Task Group ...»
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APPENDICESA. Appendix 1: Glossary Aromatic Hydrocarbon. A hydrocarbon compound that includes one or more hybridized (benzene-type) rings of carbon atoms in its molecular structure. This family of organic chemicals includes thousands of different compounds with different numbers and types of molecular rings and different potential environmental effects. They are distinguished from aliphatic hydrocarbons which, at the molecular level, are built from chains rather than rings of carbon atoms.
Barite. A naturally occurring mineral form of barium sulfate.
Bentonite. A naturally occurring industrial mineral consisting mostly of smectite (montmorillonite-type) clays with minor amounts of other silica-based minerals.
BOEMRE. US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement. As of June 2010, BOEMRE (sometimes shortened to BOEM) is the successor to the former Minerals Management Service (MMS).
BOP. Blowout preventer. An assembly of ram-driven pipe cutters, connectors and valves that functions as an emergency system for shutting off hydrocarbon flow from a well. BOPs can be configured to sit directly atop the wellhead or at some distance above the wellhead.