WWW.DIS.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Thesis, dissertations, books
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 7 | 8 || 10 | 11 |   ...   | 23 |

«Workshop held 9-10 January 2008 in Arlington, VA Prepared for US Strategic Command Global Innovation and Strategy Center (USSTRATCOM/GISC) Prepared ...»

-- [ Page 9 ] --

At the moment we do not know if such a global financial meltdown is highly likely, merely possible, or unlikely, but it is surely possible. Prudence demands that we make some plans in advance for how to survive such an event, and survival may be at issue for some, since increasing fractions of people live in urban centers and rely on industrial production for their daily consumption, production that could be interrupted if systematic economic disruption were to occur.

So far my remarks have been more about globalization than the cyber-domain. Indeed, the way I see it, it is not so much that the cyber-domain affects globalization as it is the other way around, that more or less exogenous processes of globalization have great effect on the cyber-domain.

That is, as global-reach of low-cost production brings high performance computing and fast Internet connections to great numbers of households around the world there is increasing confrontation of globalization’s urgencies with traditional cultural systems. From such confrontations there can arise conflict or cooperation, depending on the context. Surely in some environments people will view the intrinsic value system of globalized production as sufficiently opposed to their traditional values that they will form organizations actively opposed to the further encroachment of the global economy on their lives. Such organizations could work peacefully or use violent means, and today we do not have a deep understanding of the determinants of one strategy over the other. However, we do not even have a good behavioral understanding of the previous effect, that is, the kinds of contexts out of which active opposition emerges. Surely simple behaviorist theories that one often finds in the press, say, are too simplistic, that mere contact with Western standards and beliefs breeds disdain. For it is a basic research question as to the exact way people sort information containing confirmatory evidence of their world view versus how they assimilate disconfirming evidence.

Ultimately, there is a kind of dialectical connection between processes of globalization and the cyber-world: one begets the other and has a tendency to turn it into its opposite. More accurately, there is a kind of co-evolution afoot of the cyber domain and globalization processes, and it is difficult to see just exactly where it will end up. Anyone willing to offer hard forecasts is Deterring VNSA in Cyberspace probably guessing, at best, or trying to sell something in the typical case. In order to properly understand the connection between the two processes we need to do basic research on the interrelation between information technology, on the one hand, and global business practices on the other. Such a research program is eminently do-able with available knowledge and research methodologies today, but it is not clear who would be the primary consumer of such research, and therefore who should fund it. We would all profit from having a stream of basic research bearing fruit concerning how the developing world is using their access to the cyber world, whether it is shaping their views of Western values (or lack thereof), and how this depends on educational background, religious affiliation, income level, and so on. Short of having such a research program, we are left to guess about how all this will turn out, and what it means for US interests, in the small, and for future generations of humans, in the large.

Deterring VNSA in Cyberspace

2.C Innovations in “Cyberism:” An examination of the changes to Cyberspace in the coming decade by Ken Steinberg, Savant Protection Copyright © 2008, All rights restricted without explicit written consent Preface The intent of this paper is twofold; firstly, to provide visibility into the innovations being made in “cyberism” and technology which will shape our world in the coming decade, and secondly, to understand the potential role these innovations will play regarding deterrence against cyberwarfare.

The topics covered in this paper represent only a few of the changes cyberspace will experience in the coming years but they are perhaps some of the more profound. Cyberism is still in its infancy and many of the uses of cyberspace have turned out to be inadvertent afterthoughts, not deliberate planning. The natural growth of technology and the Internet has created both wonderful and worrisome outcomes. If we are smart about how we design the advances of the next decade, the chances are good that the world can continue to benefit from the electronic fabric we are weaving into our lives without suffering the potential pain it may bring.

Prudent and effective development can only be done with forethought and only through collaboration. As is often the case in capitalism, and intentionally so, an environment is created that fosters innovation but discourages collaboration. The time may be here for the government to step in and take the leadership through its science and technological agencies. It may be time for science and society to step forward together and take an active part in the next phase of the world’s digital development. Cyberism is not technology. It is the use of technology in society.

It is this use, for good or evil, which we need to meter.

The Age of Intelligent Data Marshalling

Computing, over the past twenty years, has passed through two distinct stages of development.





The first decade, after the introduction of the personal computer, was focused primarily on the refinement of hardware and the central processing unit (CPU). While other advancements of note were made, most of the true innovation was aimed at increasing CPU capability while decreasing size and power consumption. In contrast, the last decade has been spent developing the infrastructure necessary to take advantage of the new-found computing power in collaborative and distributed environments, as is made evident by the growing presence of the Internet. While both areas will continue to benefit from innovation, cyberism is about to make a shift into a new, yet complementary arena.

Over the next twenty five years, cyberism will usher in a new stage of growth. This growth will focus on data, its storage and new appreciations of its use. The underpinning for this growth will be a movement away from CPU-centric computing to data-centric interaction. Computers, and computing, will become relegated to nothing more than data access interfaces as the introduction Deterring VNSA in Cyberspace of two new concepts change the way users think about computing: Intelligent Memory Cores (IMCs) and Data Marshalling Units (DMUs).

Intelligent Memory Cores (IMCs) will form the foundation for the strides of the next decade in cyberism. IMCs are a combination of high density, static memory storage (ex 500 GB) with intelligent, specialized, mesh network-enabled CPUs. IMCs, due to their intelligent nature, will be tasked with classifying and relating all information that is under their immediate control. All data; upon creation, manipulation, and destruction will be meta-tagged and semantically analyzed. This omnipresent “marshalling” of data will redefine how humans interact in cyberspace as information is thought of in terms of its use and relation instead of its edges. The use of cyberspace will, though data marshalling, better approximate the natural way humans process and access information. DMUs will facilitate relational and fuzzy connectedness so that humans can concentrate on data use, not on constant organization. The concept of “edges” (i.e.

where data is stored, how to get at it etc.) will move away from physical space and embrace nspace with the only constant edge being ownership.

Cyberspace, when facilitated by IMCs, will be uniquely customized based upon the data view desired and the capabilities utilized to gain access to related data (see topic on Sphere of Influence). Present-day computers will be replaced with more tightly integrated, microscale/man-machine interfaces through which cyberspace users will command DMUs to find, analyze, use and present information in line with a particular need. The concept of file systems and storage devices will quickly dissolve as the combination of IMCs and smaller, cheaper, less power-hungry DMUs emulate human thought patterns allowing for a far more intuitive use of information.

Immediate Data Transmission Closely accompanying the concepts of edges and data-centric computing, serious consideration must be given to the hypotheses being put forward in quantum mechanics as they related to computing and in particular networking.

Over the last ten years, network speeds and access ubiquity have grown at an exponential rate.

Gigabit terrestrial networks can be bought for the home. Internet Service Providers (ISPs) can deliver multiple megabits of throughput via fiber to each household and wireless access continues to climb by tens of megabits every other year as advancements in frequency use and digital data transmission are introduced.

What has not been openly discussed is the potential for immediate data transmission using quantum entanglement techniques. Quantum entanglement will allow for the immediate transmission of sub-molecular states between two particle pairs regardless of the distance separating the two. This will allow changes in one particle to be immediately reflected in the second regardless of distance. A simple application would be to consider counter-clockwise and clockwise spin as a values of 1 and 0 respectively. Change the spin on one member of a pairing and the “value” is realized in the other pair member instantaneously. This is no different than the physical transmissions seen today except for the lack of true particle movement.

Deterring VNSA in Cyberspace This will create opportunities for transmission of information without physical media. While mind-numbing to imagine, this is akin to informational teleportation using quantum complexity.

The net result will lead to the ability to transport terabytes (or more) of data instantaneously to one or more points on the planet’s surface (or further).

Working within Spheres of Influence

As the physical nature of cyberspace blurs, with the merging of laptops, servers, handhelds and cell-phones, users will simultaneously embrace and reject ubiquitous means of information access. Signs of this reality can already be seen in the arguments regarding the introduction of open operating systems for handheld devices and the loss of control this will force on service providers, both terrestrial and wireless.

This contiguous informational point-of-view will apply to both inbound and outbound data acceptance, dissemination, and control. As a result, users will strive to gain better and more granular control over where, when, who, why, and how they will interact with the cyber-fabric.

This control mechanism can be best visualized as Spheres of Influence (SOIs).

Spheres of Influence are analogous to present-day rules systems that will allow a user to define personal data flow (inbound and outbound) based upon a number of parameters which might include trust, time, place, privilege, and speed. Through the use of SOIs, users will control not only the parameters by which information is reaching them (voice, video, data and/or combinations thereof) but also outbound data sharing and broadcasting.

The maturation of personal IMCs will usher in new methods of interaction as each portable, mesh network capable device functions far beyond simple data and voice access. Personal IMCs, coupled with innovations in data transmission and audio-visual capabilities, will allow each user to offer vicarious experience as IMCs become individual broadcast stations with twoway communications. Spheres of Influence will allow users to knowingly broadcast certain types of information either on-demand or by choice to SOI consumers being inbound aware. Clear examples are; teenagers broadcasting their current music selections to a circle of friends or battlefield commanders gaining multi-dimensional situation awareness through direct data sharing with front-line soldiers.

While it is easy to imagine the progression of computing devices towards broadcast capable qualities, the maturation of these hardware/software components will be severely hindered until SOI controls are in place. As lives continue to be invaded by new digital media devices and as these devices adopt full duplex communications (vicarious transmission), consumers will demand more control over this media. More attention will be paid to how media is allowed to impact private lives and how sharing occurs. Spheres-of-Influence will provide the foundation for how consumers compartmentalize their lives and regain the privacy they require in order to stay functional in a digital world. The inability to disconnect from the flurry of digital information, if left uncontrolled, will either have a profound effect on social behavior or drive wholesale public rejection of certain media efforts. SOIs are a critical underpinning for the acceptance of digital media and the potential invasion of privacy it represents.

Deterring VNSA in Cyberspace Blurring the Man-Machine Interface It is generally accepted that the physical interface between man and machine will blur and blend over the next century. Not generally considered, are the two means by which this will occur and the repercussions they will cause.

Physical Blurring • Near range, low power wireless networking has made possible what would have previously been impossible due to medical considerations. Although there has been significant discussion regarding the use of subdermal (below the skin) and transdermal (protruding from below the skin) implants, the appearance of MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria has significantly reduced the amount of work going into transdermal interfaces. The risk of exposed wound sites is too large given the manner in which MRSA invades the body.

Subdermal interfaces linked with surface wrapped interfaces will be used in the new age of computing where the man-machine interface will remove the need for keyboards, mice and screens. Voice synthesis algorithms and input devices have made significant technological advancements to the point where vocal pickups will become more effective, especially in subdermal interfaces where environmental influences (random noise) can be filtered.



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 7 | 8 || 10 | 11 |   ...   | 23 |


Similar works:

«Developmentally Appropriate Practices with Young Children “Show me and I forget; Teach me and I remember; Involve me and I learn.” Benjamin Franklin Yes, but is it developmentally appropriate? When planning classroom curriculum for young children, it is important to factor in the wide spectrum of abilities and interests of children, as well as activities that are based on the way in which we know children learn. As more and more research becomes available on brain development, we, as early...»

«Self-* Storage: Brick-based storage with automated administration Gregory R. Ganger, John D. Strunk, Andrew J. Klosterman August 2003 CMU-CS-03-178 School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Abstract This white paper describes a new project exploring the design and implementation of “self-* storage systems:” selforganizing, self-configuring, self-tuning, self-healing, self-managing systems of storage bricks. Borrowing organizational ideas from corporate...»

«DTCC DATA REPOSITORY (SINGAPORE) PTE. LTD. Disclosure under the Principles for Financial Market Infrastructures PUBLICATION DATE: JULY 2015 Responding Institution: DTCC Data Repository (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. (“DDRS”) Jurisdiction: Singapore and Australia Authorities: Monetary Authority of Singapore, Australian Securities and Investments Commission The information provided in this disclosure is accurate as of December 31, 2014; Information and data are provided as of the dates specified. This...»

«1 OUR DAUGHTERS AND SONS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FOR PARENTS OF GAY, LESBIAN AND BISEXUAL PEOPLE You’ve just found out your daughter is a lesbian, or your son is gay, or bisexual. If you’re like many parents, your first reaction is “how will I ever handle this?” There’s not much yet in our society to prepare parents for the words, “Mom, Dad. I’m gay.” We hope the following information can help you understand your child’s sexuality and its meaning to you and your continued...»

«On the Complexity of Fragments of Modal Logics Linh Anh Nguyen We study and give a summary of the complexity of abstract. 15 basic normal monomodal logics under the restriction to the Horn fragment and/or bounded modal depth. As new results, we show that: a) the satisfiability problem of sets of Horn modal clauses with modal depth bounded by k ≥ 2 in the modal logics K 4 and KD4 is PSPACE-complete, in K is NP-complete; b) the satisfiability problem of modal formulas with modal depth bounded...»

«The Farsider Oct. 1, 2015 Bill Mattos, Editor and Publisher bilmat@comcast.net Leroy Pyle, Webmaster leroypyle@sjpba.net The Farsider is an independent publication that is not affiliated with the San Jose Police Benevolent Assn. The SJPBA has allowed the Farsider to be included on its website solely for the convenience of the retired San Jose Police community. The content of this newsletter does not represent or reflect the views of the San Jose Police Benevolent Association's Board of...»

«Compressing bounded degree graphs P˚ Grøn˚ Drange∗ Markus Dregi† R. B. Sandeep‡ al as July 16, 2015 Abstract Recently, Aravind, Sandeep, and Sivadasan (IPEC 2014) showed that for any finite set of connected graphs H, the problem H-Free Edge Deletion admits a polynomial kernelization on bounded degree input graphs. We generalize this theorem by no longer requiring the graphs in H to be connected. Furthermore, we complement this result by showing that also H-Free Edge Editing admits a...»

«Marshall University Complimentary Tickets Compliance Office for Athletics Athletic Department Staff Home Athletics Events Regular season: Selected employees of the Athletic Department are permitted complimentary tickets for home athletic events. This list is determined and subject to review by the Director of Athletics. For football, men’s basketball, and women’s basketball these tickets are issued in season ticket form. Tickets must be picked up and signed for by the recipient at the...»

«K. KOSLICKI CONSTITUTION AND SIMILARITY ABSTRACT. Whenever an object constitutes, makes up or composes another object, the objects in question share a striking number of properties. This paper is addressed to the question of what might account for the intimate relation and striking similarity between constitutionally related objects. According to my account, the similarities between constitutionally related objects are captured at least in part by means of a principle akin to that of strong...»

«DIATOM FILTER MODEL D-1 INSTRUCTION MANUAL This manual was compiled for the purpose of instructing you on the operation and care of your Diatom D-1 Filter. Follow the operating instructions for the longest and best possible service from your filter. Thank you for your purchase. The “Diatom” is a high-speed auxiliary filter designed to filter aquarium water to an extremely pure state. It can replace “outside” or “under-gravel” filters. Used properly, your Diatom Filter will eliminate...»

«The Musician’s Cover Letter Handbook SCOTT STEVENS ROBERT BORDEN Office of Careers and Professional Development Institute for Music Leadership at the Eastman School of Music 26 Gibbs Street Rochester, NY 14604 Ph. (585) 274-1210 Fax (585) 274-1047 Office Location: 1st Floor Miller Center, 25 Gibbs St. careers@esm.rochester.edu www.esm.rochester.edu/careers updated Nov-11 © 2011 Office of Careers and Professional Development at the Eastman School of Music *This document may not be copied or...»

«New York State Office of the State Comptroller Thomas P. DiNapoli Division of State Government Accountability Subway Wait Assessment Metropolitan Transportation Authority New York City Transit Report 2014-S-23 April 2016 2014-S-23 Executive Summary Purpose To determine whether New York City Transit (Transit) provides passengers service on all of its lines that meets its minimum service frequency standards; whether those standards take into account demand for service, physical structure, and...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dis.xlibx.info - Thesis, dissertations, books

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.